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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data of patients with postoperative bronchopleural fistula treated by ventricular septal defect occluder

From: Endobronchial closure of the bronchopleural fistula with the ventricular septal defect occluder: a case series

Patient no. Age/sex BMI (kg/m2) Underlying diseases Chronic empyema BPF location BPF size (mm) Operation time (min) Long-term outcomes
1 29/M 17.8 TB Yes RUL 6 48 Incomplete closure
2 65/M 16.2 NSCLC No LMB 4 45 Complete closure
3 55/M 20.5 TB Yes RUL 8 40 Complete closure
4 62/M 19.8 NSCLC Yes RMB 8 35 Complete closure
5 36/M 15.0 TB Yes RUL 6 40 Failure
6 70/M 17.7 NSCLC No LUL 4 30 Complete closure
7 57/F 25.3 CF Yes LLL 5 55 Complete closure
8 60/M 17.7 NSCLC Yes RUL 2 56 Failure
9 52/M 21.9 NSCLC Yes RUL 8 33 Complete closure
10 56/F 22.7 NSCLC Yes LMB 6 29 Complete closure
  1. BPF Bronchopleural fistula, M male, F female, TB tuberculosis, NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer, CF cystic fibrosis, RUL right upper lobe, LMB left main bronchus, RMB right main bronchus, LUL left upper lobe, LLL left lower lobe