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Table.4 Risk factors associated with NTM-PD refractoriness or recurrence after surgery

From: Outcomes of adjunctive surgery for nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease

Characteristics OR (95 %CI) P-value aOR (95 %CI) P-value
Age 1.03 (0.98–1.08) 0.314 1.03 (0.96–1.11) 0.350
Female sex 2.78 (0.66–11.80) 0.165 6.63 (1.04–42.4) 0.046
BMI kg m− 2 0.83 (0.65–1.07) 0.150 0.77 (0.58–1.03) 0.079
Causative Mycobacterium species   > 0.999   
 Mycobacterium avium complex Ref    
 Mycobacterium abscessus complex 1 (0.33–3.02)    
Preoperative positive NTM culture 2.78 (0.66–11.80) 0.165 5.87 (1.04–33.08) 0.045
Surgical procedure and complications
 Thoracotomy 1.17 (0.26–5.23) 0.833   
 Pneumonectomy 2.40 (0.21–28.05) 0.485 1.80 (0.10–32.59) 0.692
 Complications 2.12 (0.46–9.86) 0.337   
Postoperative radiologic findings
 Residual lesions 4.74 (1.32–16.96) 0.017 6.86 (1.49–31.56) 0.013
 Residual cavity 2.36 (0.61–9.18) 0.215   
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, aOR adjusted odds ratio, BMI body mass index, NTM nontuberculous mycobacteria