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Table 4 Biopsy outcomes

From: Shape-sensing robotic-assisted bronchoscopy for pulmonary nodules: initial multicenter experience using the Ion™ Endoluminal System

Variable Outcome
Biopsy completion, n (%)a
 Subject level (n = 60) 58 (96.7)
95% CI: 92.1%, 100%b
 Nodule level (n = 67) 65 (97.0)
95% CI: 92.9%, 100%b
Closest distance to nodule, median mm (IQR)c 7.0 (2.0, 12.0)
Serious adverse events, n (%) 0 (0)
 Pneumothorax (with or without chest tube) 0 (0)
 Airway bleeding (with or without intervention) 0 (0)
 Other 0 (0)
Complications, n (%) 2 (3.3)
 Cardiac arrhythmia, CTCAE grade 2 (intra-procedure) 1 (1.7)
 Pneumonia, CTCAE grade 2 (post-procedure) 1 (1.7)
  1. IQR interquartile range, CI confidence interval
  2. CTCAE Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events; from reference 11
  3. aBiopsy completion = tool passed through catheter and a sample was obtained
  4. b95% Confidence Interval calculated using the Wald method
  5. cClosest distance from tip of catheter to edge of the virtual nodule