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Table 1 Demographic and clinical presentation of patients with COVID-19

From: Assessment of the HScore as a predictor of disease outcome in patients with COVID-19

  ICU patients
(n = 52)
Non-ICU patients
(n = 141)
P*
n(%) HScore
Mean (SD)
n(%) HScore
Mean (SD)
Gender
 Male 25 (48.1) 58.9 (39.7) 73 (51.8) 39.3 (41.0) 0.040
 Female 27 (51.9) 60.4 (53.2) 68 (48.2) 38.3 (38.8) 0.027
Age group
Younger than 19 Years 18 (51.4) 89.7 (51.2) 17 (48.6) 110.5 (42.1) 0.621
Older than 18 Years 34 (21.5) 43.8 (35.8) 124 (78.5) 29.0 (27.6) 0.033
Obesity
 Yes 10 (19.2) 43.5 (22.9) 11 (7.8) 28.6 (22.1) 0.144
 No 42 (80.8) 63.6 (50.3) 130 (92.2) 39.7 (40.8) 0.002
Overweight
 Yes 19 (36.5) 51.5 (46.8) 84 (59.6) 43.5 (43.6) 0.477
 No 33 (63.5) 64.4 (46.8) 57 (40.4) 31.8 (32.3) < 0.001
Smoking
 Yes 2 (3.9) 31.5 (44.5) 7 (5.0) 18.5 (19.8) 0.538
 No 51 (96.1) 60.8 (46.9) 134 (95.0) 39.8 (40.3) 0.003
Symptoms
Fever
 Yes 20 (38.5) 65.3 (38.7) 38 (27.0) 54.7 (53.8) 0.438
 No 32 (61.5) 56.2 (51.5) 103 (73.0) 32.9 (32.5) 0.002
Chills
 Yes 47 (90.4) 62.5 (47.9) 111 (78.7) 42.1 (41.6) 0.008
 No 5 (9.6) 33.8 (24.5) 30 (21.3) 26.5 (29.3) 0.601
Sore throat
 Yes 0 8 (5.7) 98.8 (70.3)
 No 52 (100) 59.7 (46.8) 133 (94.3) 35.2 (34.4) < 0.001
Dyspnea
 Yes 28 (53.8) 57.9 (53.7) 63 (44.7) 27.1 (30.2) 0.001
 No 24 (46.2) 61.8 (38.1) 78 (55.3) 48.2 (38.3) 0.175
Loss of appetite
 Yes 1 (1.9) 146 (–) 20 (14.2) 85.5 (57.2)
 No 51 (98.1) 58.0 (45.6) 121 (85.8) 31.3 (30.0) < 0.001
Abdominal pain
 Yes 5 (9.6) 117.4 (78.0) 11 (7.8) 97.4 (11.0) 0.611
 No 47 (90.4) 53.6 (38.7) 130 (92.2) 33.8 (32.2) < 0.001
Length of hospital stay (days)
Mean (SD) 52 (100) 14.40 (7.6) 141 (100) 6.14 (4.9) < 0.001
Median (IQR) 52 (100) 14.5 (9.0, 18.5) 141 (100) 7.0 (2.0, 8.0) < 0.001
Comorbidities
Hypertension
 Yes 14 (26.9) 43.8 (29.2) 39 (27.7) 27.3 (26.5) 0.057
 No 38 (73.1) 65.6 (50.9) 102 (72.3) 43.2 (43.1) 0.010
Diabetes mellitus      
 Yes 13 (25.0) 43.7 (31.1) 32 (22.7) 30.5 (26.7) 0.158
 No 39 (75.0) 65.1 (50.2) 109 (77.3) 41.2 (42.6) 0.005
Cardiovascular diseases
 Yes 8 (14.4) 33.1 (32.5) 23 (16.3) 28.7 (27.3) 0.709
 No 44 (84.6) 64.5 (47.6) 118 (83.7) 40.8 (41.6) 0.002
Respiratory diseases
 Yes 2 (3.9) 15 (21.2) 10 (7.1) 43.2 (33.9) 0.294
 No 50 (96.1) 61.5 (46.7) 131 (92.9) 38.5 (40.3) 0.001
Hypothyroidism
 Yes 1 (1.9) 19 (-) 6 (4.3) 16.7 (24.5)
 No 51 (98.1) 60.5 (46.9) 135 (95.7) 39.8 (40.1) 0.003
Neuropsychiatric disorders
 Yes 5 (9.6) 92.6 (72.6) 16 (11.4) 26.9 (27.6) 0.006
 No 47 (90.4) 56.2 (42.9) 125 (88.7) 40.3 (40.9) 0.026
In-hospital mortality
 Yes 8 (15.4) 105.1 (71.5) 1 (0.7) 105 (–)
 No 44 (84.6) 51.4 (36.2) 140 (99.3) 38.3 (39.5) 0.052
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR inter-quartile range, ICU intensive care unit
  2. *P value compares patients with and without ICU care in terms of the mean of HScore