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Table 5 Published studies about HMV and the frequency of the different diagnostic groups

From: Results of the home mechanical ventilation national program among adults in Chile between 2008 and 2017

Author Janssens JP Windisch Midgren/Laub Garner Povitz Melloni Schwartz Cantero
Years 2003 2003 2007 2013 2017 2018 2020 2020
References [24] [19] [25] [26] [9] [8] [27] [10]
Area/Country Switzerland Germany Sweden Australiaa Canada France England Switzerland
Type of study cohort cohort cohort survey cohort survey cohort cohort
Patients (n) 211 226 1526 2725 4670 4522 1210 489
Age (years) 63 57.3 58.6 57.5 58.5 70.3 65.1 71
paCO2 (mmHg)  > 45  > 50 53.6  > 45 52.5  > 50
TIV (%) excluded excluded 6 3.1 7.7 12.4 excluded
NMD (%) 10 19 15 30 30.4   18 13
COPD (%) 27 34.5 16 8 18.8 6.3 24.5 39
OHS (%) 34 5.3 28 31 15.9 15.7 16.7 26
ALS (%) 3 27 11 8.4 7.5 1.2 21.6 3
Acute onset of ventilation (%) 26.6 23 45
Follow-up time (years) 7 3.25 10 4 12 15 10 3.3
  1. HMV Home Mechanical Ventilation, TIV Tracheostomy invasive ventilation, NMD neuromuscular disease, OHS Obesity hypoventilation syndrome, ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  2. aNew Zealand