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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with HAP

From: Identification and detection of pathogenic bacteria from patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia in southwestern Iran; evaluation of biofilm production and molecular typing of bacterial isolates

  Culture positive Culture negative
Total (N = 52) VAP (N = 36) NV HAP (N = 16) Total (N = 6)
Sex and age
Female 27 (51.9%) 17 (47.2%) 10 (62.5%) 2 (33.3%)
Male 25 (48.1%) 19 (52.8%) 6 (37.5%) 4 (66.7%)
Average age (YRS) 57.92 59.39 54.64 62.5
Clinical presentation
Fever 43 (82.7%) 30 (83.3%) 13 (81.2%) 5 (83.3%)
Sputum 43 (82.7%) 30 (83.3%) 13 (81.2%) 4 (66.7%)
Chest pain 15 (28.8%) 9 (25%) 6 (37.5%) 2 (33.3%)
Cough 10 (19.2%) 7 (19.4%) 3 (18.7%) 2 (33.3%)
Underlying disease 20 (38.4%) 14 (38.9%) 6 (37.5%) 1 (16.7%)