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Table 5 The antibiotic resistance patterns of the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial isolates from patients with HAP

From: Identification and detection of pathogenic bacteria from patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia in southwestern Iran; evaluation of biofilm production and molecular typing of bacterial isolates

Antibiotics Staphylococcus aureus Acinetobacter baumannii Escherichia coli Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Penicillin 93%
Cefoxitin 80%
Clarithromycin 73%
Sulfamethoxazole 60%
Vancomycin 0%
Clindamycin 73%
Azithromycin 80%
Levofloxacin 80% 100% 83.3% 71.4%
Colistin 0% 0% 0%
Cefepime 38.1% 66.7% 35.7%
Ceftriaxone 100% 66.7% 78.6%
Meropenem 95.2% 33.3% 64.3%
Cefotaxime 100% 66.7% 85.7%
Piperacillin + Tazobactam   100% 33.3% 64.3%