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Table 5 Univariable and multivariable analysis of risk factors for DR-TB in overweight TB cases

From: Association between body mass index and newly diagnosed drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in Shandong, China from 2004 to 2019

Characteristics Non-DR n = 297 (%) DR-TB n = 76 (%) Univariable analysis Multivariable analysis
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Age (years) (n = 297/n = 75)       
0–14 1 (0.34%) 0 (0%) NA NA NA NA
15–24 18 (6.06%) 5 (6.67%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
25–44 99 (33.33%) 25 (33.33%) 0.909 (0.308–2.687) 0.863 0.687 (0.224–2.11) 0.512
45–64 113 (38.05%) 35 (46.67%) 1.115 (0.386–3.221) 0.841 0.84 (0.278–2.534) 0.756
 > 65 66 (22.22%) 10 (13.33%) 0.545 (0.165–1.799) 0.319 0.434 (0.121–1.557) 0.2
Sex (n = 297/n = 76)       
Female 58 (19.53%) 7 (9.21%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
Male 239 (80.47%) 69 (90.79%) 2.392 (1.044–5.479) 0.039* 2.611 (1.107–6.158) 0.028*
Cavity (n = 281/n = 68)       
No 142 (50.53%) 29 (42.65%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
Yes 139 (49.47%) 39 (57.35%) 1.374 (0.805–2.345) 0.244 1.298 (0.736–2.287) 0.367
Smoking (n = 259/n = 69)       
No 204 (78.76%) 57 (82.61%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
Yes 55 (21.24%) 12 (17.39%) 1.517 (0.643–3.577) 0.341 0.743 (0.321–1.724) 0.49
Drinking (n = 260/n = 69)       
No 207 (79.62%) 59 (85.51%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
Yes 53 (20.38%) 10 (14.49%) 0.662 (0.317–1.381) 0.271 0.629 (0.261–1.516) 0.302
Co-morbidity (n = 297/n = 76)       
No 239 (80.47%) 59 (77.63%) Reference Reference Reference Reference
COPD 10 (3.37%) 2 (2.63%) 0.776 (0.166–3.617) 0.746 0.265 (0.031–2.293) 0.228
Diabetes 41 (13.8%) 11 (14.47%) 1.057 (0.515–2.169) 0.881 1.235 (0.563–2.708) 0.599
Hypertension 12 (4.04%) 2 (2.63%) 0.642 (0.141–2.931) 0.567 0.705 (0.138–3.615) 0.676
Other co-morbidity 16 (5.39%) 6 (7.89%) 1.505 (0.568–3.987) 0.411 4.34 (1.053–17.928) 0.042*
  1. TB, tuberculosis; DR-TB, drug-resistant tuberculosis; aOR, adjusted odds ratio; OR, odds ratio; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. *P < 0.05; Overweight: 25 kg/m2 ≥ BMI ≤ 29.9 kg/m2