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Table 4 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyzing factors associated with having a good awareness of lung cancer symptoms

From: Awareness of Palestinians about lung cancer symptoms: a national cross-sectional study

Characteristic Good awareness
COR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI)* P
Age group     
 18 to 44 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 45 or older 1.01 (0.88–1.15) 0.91 1.06 (0.90–1.24) 0.52
Gender     
 Male Ref Ref Ref Ref
Female 1.27 (1.14–1.43)  < 0.001 1.30 (1.10–1.53) 0.002
Educational level     
 Secondary or below Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Post-secondary 1.45 (1.29–1.62)  < 0.001 1.49 (1.31–1.70) < 0.001
Occupation     
 Unemployed/housewife Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Employed 1.01 (0.89–1.14) 0.88 1.22 (1.04–1.43) 0.015
 Retired 1.15 (0.78–1.69) 0.48 1.25 (0.82–1.90) 0.30
 Student 1.05 (0.86–1.28) 0.64 1.17 (0.92–1.48) 0.21
Monthly income     
 < 1450 NIS Ref Ref Ref Ref
 ≥ 1450 NIS 1.18 (1.04–1.33) 0.010 1.18 (1.00–1.40) 0.052
Marital status     
 Single Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Married 1.05 (0.93–1.19) 0.44 0.94 (0.81–1.10) 0.44
 Divorced/Widowed 0.97 (0.71–1.34) 0.86 0.96 (0.67–1.36) 0.80
Residency     
 Gaza Strip Ref Ref Ref Ref
 WBJ 1.08 (.97–1.22) 0.18 0.99 (0.85–1.16) 0.92
Having a chronic disease     
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.01 (.88–1.16) 0.91 1.0 (.85–1.18) 0.98
Knowing someone with cancer     
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.28 (1.14–1.43)  < 0.001 1.41 (1.25–1.59) < 0.001
Ever smoked cigarettes and/or shisha     
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 0.84 (0.74–0.95) 0.005 0.94 (0.80–1.09) 0.40
Site of data collection     
 Public Spaces Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Hospitals 1.58 (1.38–1.80)  < 0.001 1.80 (1.57–2.07) < 0.001
 Primary healthcare centers 1.90 (1.64–2.20)  < 0.001 2.20 (1.87–2.59) < 0.001
  1. COR = crude odds ratio, AOR = adjusted odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, WBJ = West Bank and Jerusalem
  2. *Adjusted for age-group, gender, educational level, occupation, monthly income, marital status, residency, having a chronic disease, knowing someone with cancer, smoking history, and site of data collection