Skip to main content


Epidemiology and public health

Section edited by Giuseppe Verlato

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of pulmonary disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Case report

    Histoplasmosis is a mycosis caused by soil-based fungus Histoplasma capsulatum endemic in the USA, Latin America, Africa and South-East Asia. The disease is usually self-resolving, but exposure to a large inoculu...

    Authors: Krzysztof Specjalski, Karolina Kita, Krzysztof Kuziemski, Beata Tokarska, Lucyna Górska, Jolanta Szade, Alicja Siemińska, Marta Chełmińska and Ewa Jassem

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:150

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is a significant public health problem globally. The early identification and management of the determinants of pneumonia demands clear evidence. But, there is a limited data on this issue in the cur...

    Authors: Sefinew Getaneh, Girma Alem, Maru Meseret, Yihun Miskir, Tilahun Tewabe, Gebeyaw Molla and Yihalem Abebe Belay

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:147

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic characteristics of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease remain largely unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate incidence, prevalence, and mortality of NTM infection in a large ...

    Authors: Seon Cheol Park, Min Jin Kang, Chang Hoon Han, Sun Min Lee, Cheong Ju Kim, Jung Mo Lee and Young Ae Kang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:140

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    The Nelson mortality results were presented in September 2018. Four other randomized control trials (RCTs) were also reported the latest mortality outcomes in 2018 and 2019. We therefore conducted a meta-analy...

    Authors: Kai-Lin Huang, Shih-Yuan Wang, Wan-Chen Lu, Ya-Hui Chang, Jian Su and Yen-Ta Lu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:126

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Medical thoracoscopy is considered an overall safe procedure, whereas numbers of studies focus on complications of diagnostic thoracoscopy and talc poudrage pleurodesis. We conduct this study to evaluate the s...

    Authors: Yun-Yan Wan, Cong-Cong Zhai, Xin-Shan Lin, Zhou-Hong Yao, Qing-Hua Liu, Ling Zhu, De-Zhi Li, Xi-Li Li, Ning Wang and Dian-Jie Lin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:125

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Pulmonary tuberculosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Drug resistance, a huge problem in this contagious disease, is driven by point mutations in the Mycobacterium tubercul...

    Authors: David Patrick Kateete, Rogers Kamulegeya, Edgar Kigozi, Fred Ashaba Katabazi, Deus Lukoye, Sindani Ireneaus Sebit, Hergeye Abdi, Peter Arube, George William Kasule, Kenneth Musisi, Myalo Glen Dlamini, Derrick Khumalo and Moses L. Joloba

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:124

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    With rising medical costs, stakeholders and healthcare professionals are exploring community-based solutions to relieve the burden of chronic diseases and reduce health care spending. The community health work...

    Authors: Trisha M. Parekh, Carla R. Copeland, Mark T. Dransfield and Andrea Cherrington

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:116

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculous pleurisy and malignancy are two of the most common causes of pleural effusion. IL-33 is expressed in the epithelial lining and endothelial cells and is released after cell damage; it is proposed to...

    Authors: Abdel-sadek Hamed Al-aarag, Mohammad Hussein Kamel, Eman Ramadan Abdelgawad, Shaimaa Magdy Abo-Youssef, Hany Hussein Moussa, Marwa Elsayed Elnaggar, Rasha Mohammad Hendy and Koot Ahmad Diab

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:114

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological research on health effects of livestock exposure in population subgroups with compromised respiratory health is still limited. The present study explored the association between livestock expos...

    Authors: Christos Baliatsas, Lidwien A. M. Smit, Michel L. A. Dückers, Christel E. van Dijk, Dick Heederik and C. Joris Yzermans

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:105

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Anhui Province of eastern China remain uncertain. The present study provides the first estimate of the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in A...

    Authors: Zhenqiu Zha, Ruixue Leng, Wei Xu, Heling Bao, Yeji Chen, Liwen Fang, Zhirong Liu and Dongqing Ye

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:102

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    The management and control of pulmonary bacteriologically confirmed (PBC) tuberculosis (TB) also known as infectious TB is important not only to monitor for resistance but also to check for severity, treatment...

    Authors: Nicholas Sebuliba Kirirabwa, Derrick Kimuli, Carol Nanziri, Denis Sama, Syrus Ntudhu, Daniel Ayen Okello, Raymond Byaruhanga, Deus Lukoye and Samuel Kasozi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:91

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Social determinants may influence the incidence and control of tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between social determinants and pulmonary TB (PTB) incidence and treatmen...

    Authors: Alessandra Isabel Zille, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Ronir Raggio Luiz and Marcus Barreto Conde

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:87

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Differentiating bacterial from viral pneumonia is important for guiding targeted management and judicious use of antibiotics. We assessed if clinical characteristics and blood inflammatory biomarkers could be ...

    Authors: Mejbah U. Bhuiyan, Christopher C. Blyth, Rachel West, Jurissa Lang, Tasmina Rahman, Caitlyn Granland, Camilla de Gier, Meredith L. Borland, Ruth B. Thornton, Lea-Ann S. Kirkham, Andrew Martin, Peter C. Richmond, David W. Smith, Adam Jaffe and Thomas L. Snelling

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:71

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Relationships between low forced vital capacity (FVC), and morbidity have previously been studied but there are no data available for the Caribbean population. This study assessed the association of low FVC wi...

    Authors: Sateesh Sakhamuri, Fallon Lutchmansingh, Donald Simeon, Liane Conyette, Peter Burney and Terence Seemungal

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:62

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Airflow obstruction is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and is defined as either the ratio between forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 70% or <...

    Authors: Diana A. van der Plaat, Judith M. Vonk, Lies Lahousse, Kim de Jong, Alen Faiz, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Najaf Amin, Cleo C. van Diemen, Guy G. Brusselle, Yohan Bossé, Corry-Anke Brandsma, Ke Hao, Peter D. Paré, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Dirkje S. Postma and H. Marike Boezen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:58

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of pneumonia in Korea started to increase in the 1990’s after a period of decrease and stabilization, and the mortality and hospitalization rates for pneumonia in Korea are alarmingly high. This ...

    Authors: Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon and Yoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:45

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is a rare inflammatory lung disease. Previous studies have shown that most patients with AEP are aged 20 to 40 years, whereas several case studies have included older patient...

    Authors: Koshi Ota, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hiroki Matsui, Taisuke Jo, Kiyohide Fushimi and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:38

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQL) in respiratory diseases has been generally investigated in clinical settings, focusing on a single disorder. In this study on a general population sample, we assessed the ...

    Authors: Veronica Cappa, Alessandro Marcon, Gianfranco Di Gennaro, Liliya Chamitava, Lucia Cazzoletti, Cristina Bombieri, Morena Nicolis, Luigi Perbellini, Silvia Sembeni, Roberto de Marco, Francesco Spelta, Marcello Ferrari and Maria Elisabetta Zanolin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:32

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is a common comorbidity in non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis patients. We determined whether desaturation during 6-min walk test (6MWT) can be a predictor for osteoporosis risk.

    Authors: Hung-Yu Huang, Te-Fang Sheng, Chang-Wei Lin, Ting-Wen Wang, Chun-Yu Lo, Fu-Tsai Chung, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan and Chun-Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:28

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    RGM medium is an agar-based, selective culture medium designed for the isolation of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) from the sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We evaluated RGM medium for the dete...

    Authors: D. Stephenson, A. Perry, M. R. Appleby, D. Lee, J. Davison, A. Johnston, A. L. Jones, A. Nelson, S. J. Bourke, M. F. Thomas, A. De Soyza, J. L. Lordan, J. Lumb, A. E. Robb, J. R. Samuel, K. E. Walton…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:19

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as any bacteriologically confirmed or clinically diagnosed case of TB involving organs other than the lungs. It is frequently a diagnostic and therapeutic challen...

    Authors: Teyim Pride Mbuh, Irene Ane-Anyangwe, Wandji Adeline, Benjamin D. Thumamo Pokam, Henry Dilonga Meriki and Wilfred Fon Mbacham

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:17

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) questionnaire is a specific measure of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients treated with long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV). The aim of the present...

    Authors: Heidi Markussen, Sverre Lehmann, Roy M. Nilsen and Gerd K. Natvig

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:13

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare life-threating interstitial lung disease (ILD). This study characterizes demographics, health care utilization, and comorbidities among elderly IPF patients and es...

    Authors: Kathleen Mortimer, Nadine Hartmann, Christine Chan, Heather Norman, Laura Wallace and Cheryl Enger

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:11

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Bronchiectasis is a major contributor to respiratory morbidity and health care utilization in children and youth. Current treatment guidelines for bronchiectasis recommend participation in regular physical act...

    Authors: Barbara Joschtel, Sjaan R. Gomersall, Sean Tweedy, Helen Petsky, Anne B. Chang and Stewart G. Trost

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:7

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Up to fifty percent of microbiologically cured tuberculosis (TB) patients may be left with permanent, moderate or severe pulmonary function impairment. Very few studies have systematically examined pulmonary o...

    Authors: Andrea Rachow, Olena Ivanova, Robert Wallis, Salome Charalambous, Ilesh Jani, Nilesh Bhatt, Beate Kampmann, Jayne Sutherland, Nyanda E. Ntinginya, Denise Evans, Knut Lönnroth, Stefan Niemann, Ulrich E. Schaible, Christof Geldmacher, Ian Sanne, Michael Hoelscher…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:4

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Although dynamic lung volume is not considered a limiting factor of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in healthy subjects, an association between forced expiratory lung volume in one second (FEV1) and VO2peak has been...

    Authors: Øystein Rasch-Halvorsen, Erlend Hassel, Arnulf Langhammer, Ben M. Brumpton and Sigurd Steinshamn

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019 19:2

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence of asthma and associated risk factors in the adult population of Karachi, Pakistan.

    Authors: Shama Razzaq, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Unaib Rabbani, Muhammad Irfan, Shahla Naeem, Muhammad Arslan Khan, Zafar Fatmi and Peter Burney

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:184

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Untreated Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypnopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is a known factor contributing to resistant hypertension (HT). Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP) is effective to decrease blood pressure (...

    Authors: Florent Seguro, Vincent Bard, Kamila Sedkaoui, Maya Riche, Alain Didier and Béatrice Bouhanick

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:173

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is of increasing public health concern in China. Information is limited regarding risk factors associated with this disease in China. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Yaoju Tan, Biyi Su, Wei Shu, Xingshan Cai, Shaojia Kuang, Haobin Kuang, Jianxiong Liu and Yu Pang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:168

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The level of physical activity among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with the disease severity and prognosis. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of...

    Authors: Pedro Barbolla Benito and Germán Peces-Barba Romero

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:166

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Associations between ambient air pollution and child health outcomes have been well documented in developed countries such as the United States; however, only a limited number of studies have been conducted in...

    Authors: Jie Song, Mengxue Lu, Liheng Zheng, Yue Liu, Pengwei Xu, Yuchun Li, Dongqun Xu and Weidong Wu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:150

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Most patients with unilateral diaphragm paralysis (UDP) have unexplained dyspnea, exercise limitations, and reduction in inspiratory muscle capacity. We aimed to evaluate the generation of pressure in each hem...

    Authors: Mayra Caleffi-Pereira, Renata Pletsch-Assunção, Letícia Zumpano Cardenas, Pauliane Vieira Santana, Jeferson George Ferreira, Vinícius Carlos Iamonti, Pedro Caruso, Angelo Fernandez, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de Carvalho and André Luís Pereira Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:126

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determin...

    Authors: Ingrid N. Kuiper, Cecilie Svanes, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Randi J. Bertelsen, Lennart Bråbäck, Shyamali C. Dharmage, Mathias Holm, Christer Janson, Rain Jögi, Andrei Malinovschi, Melanie Matheson, Jesús Martínez Moratalla, Francisco Gómez Real, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Vivi Schlünssen, Signe Timm…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:122

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    It is widely accepted that exercise capacity in healthy individuals is limited by the cardiac function, while the respiratory system is considered oversized. Although there is physiological, age-related declin...

    Authors: Amir Farkhooy, Johan Bodegård, Jan Erik Erikssen, Christer Janson, Hans Hedenström, Knut Stavem and Andrei Malinovschi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:118

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries epidemiology of Bronchial Asthma (BA) is poorly characterized. The objective of this analysis is to present the prevalence, burden and risk factors ass...

    Authors: Damilya Nugmanova, Lyudmila Sokolova, Yuriy Feshchenko, Liudmila Iashyna, Olga Gyrina, Katerina Malynovska, Ilgar Mustafayev, Gulzar Aliyeva, Janina Makarova, Averyan Vasylyev and Luqman Tariq

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:110

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the current study was to determine the association between sedentary time and physical activity with clinically relevant health outcomes among adults with impaired spirometry and those with or w...

    Authors: Shilpa Dogra, Joshua Good, Matthew P. Buman, Paul A. Gardiner, Jennifer L. Copeland and Michael K. Stickland

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:98

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Variation in hospital management of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) may prolong length of stay, increasing the risk of hospital-acquired complications and wor...

    Authors: Sachin R. Pendharkar, Maria B. Ospina, Danielle A. Southern, Naushad Hirani, Jim Graham, Peter Faris, Mohit Bhutani, Richard Leigh, Christopher H. Mody and Michael K. Stickland

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:93

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause associated with the histopathologic and/or radiologic pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia (UI...

    Authors: Giulia Paolocci, Ilenia Folletti, Kjell Torén, Magnus Ekström, Marco Dell’Omo, Giacomo Muzi and Nicola Murgia

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:75

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Findings describing the relationship between pulmonary function and peripheral vascular function have been inconclusive. We explored this relationship in Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-Cardiovascular Subcohort...

    Authors: Jing Pan, Lin Xu, Tai Hing Lam, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, G. Neil Thomas, Kar Keung Cheng and Peymane Adab

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:74

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major health problem globally since ages, and even today, it is a major cause of morbidity in millions of people each year. In 2015 alone, TB accounted for about 1.4 million deaths...

    Authors: S. K. Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap and Parul Puri

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:66

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Despite reported long delays to initiate anti-TB treatment and poor outcomes in different parts of Ethiopia and elsewhere, evidences on association between the delay and treatment outcomes are scanty.

    Authors: Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:64

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study is to describe the profile of patients with asthma and to identify the signifiant risks and the protective factors associated with asthma control.

    Authors: Imane Ghanname, Ahmed Chaker, Abha Cherkani Hassani, Laila Herrak, Serge Arnaul Ebongue, Mustapha Laine, Khalid Rahhali, Abdelhak Zoglat, Aida Maria Benitez Rexach, Samir Ahid and Yahia Cherrah

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:61

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Circulating adiponectin (ADPN) levels are inversely associated with disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while studies assessing the relationship between ADPN and lun...

    Authors: Nina F. Caspersen, Helge Røsjø, Allan Flyvbjerg, Mette Bjerre, Anna Randby, Harald Hrubos-Strøm, Torbjørn Omland and Gunnar Einvik

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:54

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Some epidemiological evidence has shown a relation between ambient air pollution and adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of air pollution on mortality from respiratory ...

    Authors: Azizallah Dehghan, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour, Gholamreza Goudarzi and Masoud Yunesian

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:49

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Allergic asthma is the most prevalent phenotype of severe asthma where treatment with omalizumab (OMB) has been proven to be particularly beneficial. In Poland, OMB therapy is available and reimbursed within a...

    Authors: Karina Jahnz-Różyk, Joanna Lis, Marta Warchoł and Aleksandra Kucharczyk

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:48

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Questionnaires can be used to assess perceived indoor air quality and symptoms in schools. Questionnaires for primary school aged children have traditionally been parent-administered, but self-administered que...

    Authors: Jussi Lampi, Sari Ung-Lanki, Päivi Santalahti and Juha Pekkanen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:32

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    Mortality is similarly high among individuals with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) due to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF). Circulating anti-nuc...

    Authors: Justin M. Oldham, Leah J. Witt, Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Jonathan H. Chung, Cathryn Lee, Scully Hsu, Lena W. Chen, Aliya Husain, Steven Montner, Rekha Vij, Mary E. Strek and Imre Noth

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:30

    Published on:

2018 Journal Metrics