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Epidemiology and public health

Section edited by Giuseppe Verlato

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of pulmonary disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Research article

    Associations between ambient air pollution and child health outcomes have been well documented in developed countries such as the United States; however, only a limited number of studies have been conducted in...

    Authors: Jie Song, Mengxue Lu, Liheng Zheng, Yue Liu, Pengwei Xu, Yuchun Li, Dongqun Xu and Weidong Wu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:150

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Most patients with unilateral diaphragm paralysis (UDP) have unexplained dyspnea, exercise limitations, and reduction in inspiratory muscle capacity. We aimed to evaluate the generation of pressure in each hem...

    Authors: Mayra Caleffi-Pereira, Renata Pletsch-Assunção, Letícia Zumpano Cardenas, Pauliane Vieira Santana, Jeferson George Ferreira, Vinícius Carlos Iamonti, Pedro Caruso, Angelo Fernandez, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de Carvalho and André Luís Pereira Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:126

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determin...

    Authors: Ingrid N. Kuiper, Cecilie Svanes, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Randi J. Bertelsen, Lennart Bråbäck, Shyamali C. Dharmage, Mathias Holm, Christer Janson, Rain Jögi, Andrei Malinovschi, Melanie Matheson, Jesús Martínez Moratalla, Francisco Gómez Real, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Vivi Schlünssen, Signe Timm…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:122

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It is widely accepted that exercise capacity in healthy individuals is limited by the cardiac function, while the respiratory system is considered oversized. Although there is physiological, age-related declin...

    Authors: Amir Farkhooy, Johan Bodegård, Jan Erik Erikssen, Christer Janson, Hans Hedenström, Knut Stavem and Andrei Malinovschi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:118

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries epidemiology of Bronchial Asthma (BA) is poorly characterized. The objective of this analysis is to present the prevalence, burden and risk factors ass...

    Authors: Damilya Nugmanova, Lyudmila Sokolova, Yuriy Feshchenko, Liudmila Iashyna, Olga Gyrina, Katerina Malynovska, Ilgar Mustafayev, Gulzar Aliyeva, Janina Makarova, Averyan Vasylyev and Luqman Tariq

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:110

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the current study was to determine the association between sedentary time and physical activity with clinically relevant health outcomes among adults with impaired spirometry and those with or w...

    Authors: Shilpa Dogra, Joshua Good, Matthew P. Buman, Paul A. Gardiner, Jennifer L. Copeland and Michael K. Stickland

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:98

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Variation in hospital management of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) may prolong length of stay, increasing the risk of hospital-acquired complications and wor...

    Authors: Sachin R. Pendharkar, Maria B. Ospina, Danielle A. Southern, Naushad Hirani, Jim Graham, Peter Faris, Mohit Bhutani, Richard Leigh, Christopher H. Mody and Michael K. Stickland

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:93

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Findings describing the relationship between pulmonary function and peripheral vascular function have been inconclusive. We explored this relationship in Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-Cardiovascular Subcohort...

    Authors: Jing Pan, Lin Xu, Tai Hing Lam, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, G. Neil Thomas, Kar Keung Cheng and Peymane Adab

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:74

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause associated with the histopathologic and/or radiologic pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia (UI...

    Authors: Giulia Paolocci, Ilenia Folletti, Kjell Torén, Magnus Ekström, Marco Dell’Omo, Giacomo Muzi and Nicola Murgia

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:75

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major health problem globally since ages, and even today, it is a major cause of morbidity in millions of people each year. In 2015 alone, TB accounted for about 1.4 million deaths...

    Authors: S. K. Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap and Parul Puri

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:66

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite reported long delays to initiate anti-TB treatment and poor outcomes in different parts of Ethiopia and elsewhere, evidences on association between the delay and treatment outcomes are scanty.

    Authors: Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:64

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study is to describe the profile of patients with asthma and to identify the signifiant risks and the protective factors associated with asthma control.

    Authors: Imane Ghanname, Ahmed Chaker, Abha Cherkani Hassani, Laila Herrak, Serge Arnaul Ebongue, Mustapha Laine, Khalid Rahhali, Abdelhak Zoglat, Aida Maria Benitez Rexach, Samir Ahid and Yahia Cherrah

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:61

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Circulating adiponectin (ADPN) levels are inversely associated with disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while studies assessing the relationship between ADPN and lun...

    Authors: Nina F. Caspersen, Helge Røsjø, Allan Flyvbjerg, Mette Bjerre, Anna Randby, Harald Hrubos-Strøm, Torbjørn Omland and Gunnar Einvik

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:54

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Some epidemiological evidence has shown a relation between ambient air pollution and adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of air pollution on mortality from respiratory ...

    Authors: Azizallah Dehghan, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour, Gholamreza Goudarzi and Masoud Yunesian

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:49

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Allergic asthma is the most prevalent phenotype of severe asthma where treatment with omalizumab (OMB) has been proven to be particularly beneficial. In Poland, OMB therapy is available and reimbursed within a...

    Authors: Karina Jahnz-Różyk, Joanna Lis, Marta Warchoł and Aleksandra Kucharczyk

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:48

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Questionnaires can be used to assess perceived indoor air quality and symptoms in schools. Questionnaires for primary school aged children have traditionally been parent-administered, but self-administered que...

    Authors: Jussi Lampi, Sari Ung-Lanki, Päivi Santalahti and Juha Pekkanen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:32

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Mortality is similarly high among individuals with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) due to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF). Circulating anti-nuc...

    Authors: Justin M. Oldham, Leah J. Witt, Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Jonathan H. Chung, Cathryn Lee, Scully Hsu, Lena W. Chen, Aliya Husain, Steven Montner, Rekha Vij, Mary E. Strek and Imre Noth

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:30

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are an important measure of disease severity in terms of impaired disease progression, increased recovery time, healthcare resource utilization, ov...

    Authors: Gunnar Johansson, Vasili Mushnikov, Tobias Bäckström, Andreas Engström, Javaria Mona Khalid, Jennifer Wall and Fabian Hoti

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Patients with symptoms of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be classified with the term asthma-COPD overlap (ACO). ACO is of considerable interest as it is currently poorly chara...

    Authors: Sumitra Shantakumar, Raoh-Fang Pwu, Liesel D’Silva, Keele Wurst, Yao-Wen Kuo, Yen-Yun Yang, Yi-Chen Juan and K. Arnold Chan

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:16

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  20. Content type: Research article

    An association between body weight in childhood and subsequent lung function and asthma has been suggested, but few longitudinal studies exist. Our aim was to explore whether weight-related anthropometric meas...

    Authors: Kristine Kjer Byberg, Ingvild Bruun Mikalsen, Geir Egil Eide, Michele R. Forman, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson and Knut Øymar

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:10

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-five children worldwide. About 6.6 million children less than 5 years of age die every year in the world; 95% of them ...

    Authors: Alexis A. Tazinya, Gregory E. Halle-Ekane, Lawrence T. Mbuagbaw, Martin Abanda, Julius Atashili and Marie Therese Obama

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:7

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In lung disease, physical activity (PA) yields beneficial health effects, but its association with the function of healthy lungs has rarely been studied. We investigated the association of accelerometer-based ...

    Authors: Agnes Luzak, Stefan Karrasch, Barbara Thorand, Dennis Nowak, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters and Holger Schulz

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:215

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of delays in seeking care and diagnosis of tuberculosis is essential to evaluate effectiveness of tuberculosis control programs, and identify programmatic impediments. Thus, this review of studies a...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Meaza Demissie, Nega Assefa, Bizatu Mengistie and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:202

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Excessive daytime sleepiness may be determined by a number of factors including personal characteristics, co-morbidities and socio-economic conditions. In this study we identified factors associated with exces...

    Authors: Ina van der Spuy, Chandima P. Karunanayake, James A. Dosman, Kathleen McMullin, Gaungming Zhao, Sylvia Abonyi, Donna C. Rennie, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Judith MacDonald, Laurie Jimmy, Niels Koehncke, Vivian R. Ramsden, Mark Fenton, Gregory P. Marchildon, Malcolm King…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:192

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. The study aimed to determine and compare the prevalence of COPD in the general population aged 45-74 years old accor...

    Authors: Edgardo Sobrino, Vilma E. Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Fernando Lanas, Matías Calandrelli, Jacqueline Ponzo, Nora Mores, Pamela Serón, Allison Lee, Jiang He and Adolfo L. Rubinstein

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:187

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence suggests that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is associated with pulmonary function and pulmonary disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between HDL c...

    Authors: Ji Hye Park, Seyeon Mun, Dong Phil Choi, Joo Young Lee and Hyeon Chang Kim

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:190

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Equitable access to affordable medicines and diagnostic tests is an integral component of optimal clinical care of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In Uganda, we lack cont...

    Authors: Davis Kibirige, Leaticia Kampiire, David Atuhe, Raymond Mwebaze, Winceslaus Katagira, Winters Muttamba, Rebecca Nantanda, William Worodria and Bruce Kirenga

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:179

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This study aim to assess differences in changes in arterial stiffness of two groups of patients, defined as having daytime sleepi...

    Authors: Maria Alexandra Mineiro, Pedro Marques da Silva, Marta Alves, Ana Luísa Papoila, Maria João Marques Gomes and João Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:182

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite the recent increasing worldwide attention towards pulmonary hypertension (PH), its epidemiology remains poorly described in Africa. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PH...

    Authors: Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu and Leopold Ndemnge Aminde

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:183

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) usually complain of sudden-onset dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain. However, asymptomatic PSP has been incidentally detected on chest X-rays. In this study, ...

    Authors: Akihisa Mitani, Yukichika Hakamata, Megumi Hosoi, Masafumi Horie, Yoko Murano, Akira Saito, Shintaro Yanagimoto, Shoji Tsuji, Kazuhiko Yamamoto and Takahide Nagase

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:177

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of depression in subjects with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for obs...

    Authors: Matthieu Hein, Jean-Pol Lanquart, Gwenolé Loas, Philippe Hubain and Paul Linkowski

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:165

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have verified body fat distribution in association with pulmonary function (PF), mainly waist circumference, but few have used measures able to distinguish abdominal fat compartments. The prese...

    Authors: Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Denise P. Gigante, Fernando C. Barros, Ken K. Ong, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe and Ana Maria Baptista Menezes

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:157

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  33. Content type: Research article

    With the exception of areas with high prevalence of tuberculosis, medical thoracoscopy is becoming the diagnostic modality of choice for exudative pleural effusions. The aims of this study were to determine th...

    Authors: Merlin Thomas, Wanis H. Ibrahim, Tasleem Raza, Kamran Mushtaq, Adeel Arshad, Mushtaq Ahmed, Salma Taha, Saber Al Sarafandi, Hanfa Karim and Hisham A. Abdul-sattar

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:151

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Main treatable Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Bronchial Asthma (BA) and Allergic Rhinitis (AR) are underdiagnosed and undertreated worldwide. CORE study was...

    Authors: Yuriy Feshchenko, Liudmyla Iashyna, Damilya Nugmanova, Olga Gyrina, Maryna Polianska, Alexander Markov, Maryna Moibenko, Janina Makarova, Luqman Tariq, Marcelo Horacio S. Pereira, Eljan Mammadbayov, Irada Akhundova and Averyan Vasylyev

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:131

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:171

  35. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is the most common cause of death in patients with dementia, but the outcomes of patients with dementia hospitalized with pneumonia are poorly understood. We sought to illuminate the association betw...

    Authors: Taisuke Jo, Hideo Yasunaga, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Nobuaki Michihata, Kojiro Morita, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Wakae Hasegawa, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yukiyo Sakamoto, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takahide Nagase

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:128

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is used to assess of airway inflammation; diagnose asthma and monitor adherence to advised therapy. Reliable and accurate reference values for FENO are needed for both non-s...

    Authors: Kjell Torén, Nicola Murgia, Linus Schiöler, Björn Bake and Anna-Carin Olin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:118

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Systemic inflammation has been associated with reduced pulmonary function in individuals with and without chronic medical conditions. Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have clinical characteris...

    Authors: Jaime E. Hart, Rebekah Goldstein, Palak Walia, Merilee Teylan, Antonio Lazzari, Carlos G. Tun and Eric Garshick

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:113

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Asthma exacerbation may require a visit to the emergency room as well as hospitalization and can occasionally be fatal. However, there is limited information about the prognostic factors for asthma exacerbatio...

    Authors: Wakae Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Hideo Yasunaga, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yukiyo Sakamoto, Taisuke Jo, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takahide Nagase

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:108

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The role of air pollution in increasing susceptibility to respiratory tract infections in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population has not been well described. We recently demonstrated that chronic PM2.5 exposure is a...

    Authors: Kevin J. Psoter, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Jon Wakefield, Jonathan D. Mayer and Margaret Rosenfeld

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:106

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a strong risk factor for respiratory morbidity in children born preterm. Our aims were to evaluate lung function in adolescents born preterm with and without a history of BP...

    Authors: Petra Um-Bergström, Jenny Hallberg, Per Thunqvist, Eva Berggren-Broström, Martin Anderson, Gunilla Adenfelt, Gunnar Lilja, Giovanni Ferrara, C. Magnus Sköld and Erik Melén

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:97

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Inadequate housing, low family income, household smoking, personal smoking status, and poor schooling are some of the conditions that have been significantly associated with the prevalence and incidence of chr...

    Authors: Punam Pahwa, Chandima P. Karunanayake, Donna C. Rennie, Joshua A. Lawson, Vivian R. Ramsden, Kathleen McMullin, P. Jenny Gardipy, Judy MacDonald, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew and James A. Dosman

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:95

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s most devastating public health threats. Our goal is to evaluate whether the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...

    Authors: Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Yih Wu, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Chih-Cheng Lai, I-Lin Wu, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang and Chien-Chang Lee

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:82

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Fluoroscopy is considered the most accurate method to evaluate the diaphragm, yet most existing methods for measuring diaphragmatic mobility using fluoroscopy are complex. To assess the validity and reliabilit...

    Authors: Bruna Estima Leal, Márcia Aparecida Gonçalves, Liseane Gonçalves Lisboa, Larissa Martins Schmitz Linné, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti and Elaine Paulin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:62

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Compliance with CPAP treatment for OSAS is not reliably predicted by the severity of symptoms or physiological variables. We examined a range of factors which could be measured before CPAP initiation to look f...

    Authors: Atul Gulati, Masood Ali, Mike Davies, Tim Quinnell and Ian Smith

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:56

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Epigenetic variations in peripheral blood have potential as biomarkers for disease. This systematic review assesses the association of lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with DNA me...

    Authors: Matthew Machin, André F. S. Amaral, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I. Rezwan, Medea Imboden, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Ian M. Adcock, Nicole Probst-Hensch, John W. Holloway and Deborah L. Jarvis

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:54

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Breathlessness is a frequently occurring symptom of cardiorespiratory conditions and is a common cause of emergency department presentation. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of acute-on-chr...

    Authors: Ann Hutchinson, Alistair Pickering, Paul Williams, J. Martin Bland and Miriam J. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:53

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