Epidemiology and public health

Section edited by Giuseppe Verlato

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of pulmonary disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Research article

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis in the adult population within the commonwealth of independent states: rationale and design of the CORE study

    Main treatable Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Bronchial Asthma (BA) and Allergic Rhinitis (AR) are underdiagnosed and undertreated worldwide. CORE study was...

    Yuriy Feshchenko, Liudmila Iashyna, Damilya Nugmanova, Olga Gyrina, Marina Polyanskaya, Alexander Markov, Maryna Moibenko, Janina Makarova, Luqman Tariq, Marcelo Horacio S. Pereira, Elcan Mammadbayov, Irada Akhundova and Averyan Vasylyev

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:131

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Association between dementia and discharge status in patients hospitalized with pneumonia

    Pneumonia is the most common cause of death in patients with dementia, but the outcomes of patients with dementia hospitalized with pneumonia are poorly understood. We sought to illuminate the association betw...

    Taisuke Jo, Hideo Yasunaga, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Nobuaki Michihata, Kojiro Morita, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Wakae Hasegawa, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yukiyo Sakamoto, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takahide Nagase

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:128

    Published on: 6 October 2017

  3. Research article

    FEV1 and FVC and systemic inflammation in a spinal cord injury cohort

    Systemic inflammation has been associated with reduced pulmonary function in individuals with and without chronic medical conditions. Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have clinical characteris...

    Jaime E. Hart, Rebekah Goldstein, Palak Walia, Merilee Teylan, Antonio Lazzari, Carlos G. Tun and Eric Garshick

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:113

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  4. Research article

    Prognostic nomogram for inpatients with asthma exacerbation

    Asthma exacerbation may require a visit to the emergency room as well as hospitalization and can occasionally be fatal. However, there is limited information about the prognostic factors for asthma exacerbatio...

    Wakae Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Hideo Yasunaga, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yukiyo Sakamoto, Taisuke Jo, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takahide Nagase

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:108

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Air pollution exposure is associated with MRSA acquisition in young U.S. children with cystic fibrosis

    The role of air pollution in increasing susceptibility to respiratory tract infections in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population has not been well described. We recently demonstrated that chronic PM2.5 exposure is a...

    Kevin J. Psoter, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Jon Wakefield, Jonathan D. Mayer and Margaret Rosenfeld

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:106

    Published on: 27 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Lung function development after preterm birth in relation to severity of Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a strong risk factor for respiratory morbidity in children born preterm. Our aims were to evaluate lung function in adolescents born preterm with and without a history of BP...

    Petra Um-Bergström, Jenny Hallberg, Per Thunqvist, Eva Berggren-Broström, Martin Anderson, Gunilla Adenfelt, Gunnar Lilja, Giovanni Ferrara, C. Magnus Sköld and Erik Melén

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:97

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Prevalence and associated risk factors of chronic bronchitis in First Nations people

    Inadequate housing, low family income, household smoking, personal smoking status, and poor schooling are some of the conditions that have been significantly associated with the prevalence and incidence of chr...

    Punam Pahwa, Chandima P. Karunanayake, Donna C. Rennie, Joshua A. Lawson, Vivian R. Ramsden, Kathleen McMullin, P. Jenny Gardipy, Judy MacDonald, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew and James A. Dosman

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:95

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Risk of incident active tuberculosis disease in patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a population-based study

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s most devastating public health threats. Our goal is to evaluate whether the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...

    Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Yih Wu, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Chih-Cheng Lai, I-Lin Wu, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang and Chien-Chang Lee

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:82

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Validity and reliability of fluoroscopy for digital radiography: a new way to evaluate diaphragmatic mobility

    Fluoroscopy is considered the most accurate method to evaluate the diaphragm, yet most existing methods for measuring diaphragmatic mobility using fluoroscopy are complex. To assess the validity and reliabilit...

    Bruna Estima Leal, Márcia Aparecida Gonçalves, Liseane Gonçalves Lisboa, Larissa Martins Schmitz Linné, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti and Elaine Paulin

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:62

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  10. Research article

    A prospective observational study to evaluate the effect of social and personality factors on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) compliance in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

    Compliance with CPAP treatment for OSAS is not reliably predicted by the severity of symptoms or physiological variables. We examined a range of factors which could be measured before CPAP initiation to look f...

    Atul Gulati, Masood Ali, Mike Davies, Tim Quinnell and Ian Smith

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:56

    Published on: 22 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Systematic review of lung function and COPD with peripheral blood DNA methylation in population based studies

    Epigenetic variations in peripheral blood have potential as biomarkers for disease. This systematic review assesses the association of lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with DNA me...

    Matthew Machin, André F. S. Amaral, Matthias Wielscher, Faisal I. Rezwan, Medea Imboden, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Ian M. Adcock, Nicole Probst-Hensch, John W. Holloway and Deborah L. Jarvis

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:54

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Observation management of pulmonary embolism and agreement with claims-based and clinical risk stratification criteria in United States patients: a retrospective analysis

    Guidelines suggest observation stays are appropriate for pulmonary embolism (PE) patients at low-risk for early mortality. We sought to assess agreement between United States (US) observation management of PE ...

    Elaine Nguyen, Craig I. Coleman, W. Frank Peacock, Philip S. Wells, Erin R. Weeda, Veronica Ashton, Concetta Crivera, Peter Wildgoose, Jeff R. Schein, Thomas J. Bunz and Gregory J. Fermann

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:37

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Development of a respiratory severity score for hospitalized adults in a high HIV-prevalence setting—South Africa, 2010–2011

    Acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are a frequent cause of hospitalization and mortality in South Africa; however, existing respiratory severity scores may underestimate mortality risk in HIV-infe...

    Alexander J. Millman, Adena Greenbaum, Sibongile Walaza, Adam L. Cohen, Michelle J. Groome, Carrie Reed, Meredith McMorrow, Stefano Tempia, Marietjie Venter, Florette K. Treurnicht, Shabir A. Madhi, Cheryl Cohen and Ebrahim Variava

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:28

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Can healthcare utilization data reliably capture cases of chronic respiratory diseases? a cross-sectional investigation in Italy

    Healthcare utilization data are increasingly used for chronic disease surveillance. Nevertheless, no standard criteria for estimating prevalence of high-impact diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary d...

    A Biffi, R Comoretto, A Arfè, L Scotti, L Merlino, A Vaghi, A Pesci, R de Marco and G Corrao

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:20

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  15. Research article

    A follow-up study of airway symptoms and lung function among residents and workers 5.5 years after an oil tank explosion

    Assess if people who lived or worked in an area polluted after an oil tank explosion had persistent respiratory health impairment as compared to a non-exposed population 5.5 years after the event.

    Jens-Tore Granslo, Magne Bråtveit, Bjørg Eli Hollund, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Cecilie Svanes and Bente Elisabeth Moen

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:18

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Recurrent pneumonia among Japanese adults: disease burden and risk factors

    In Japan and other societies with rapidly aging populations, recurrent pneumonia (RP) is a major clinical problem yet only limited information exists regarding the burden of this disease.

    Tomoko Ishifuji, Eiichiro Sando, Norihiro Kaneko, Motoi Suzuki, Paul E. Kilgore, Koya Ariyoshi, Konosuke Morimoto, Naoto Hosokawa, Makito Yaegashi and Masahiro Aoshima

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:12

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  17. Research article

    Implementing flexible bronchoscopy in least developed countries according to international guidelines is feasible and sustainable: example from Phnom-Penh, Cambodia

    Flexible bronchoscopy is pivotal for the diagnosis of most respiratory diseases. A flexible bronchoscopy unit (FBU) was created in 2008 in the Preah Kossamak university hospital (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) through ...

    Martin Veaudor, Sébastien Couraud, Sophors Chan, Chanraksmey Choun, Pisethmorokoth Keo, Virginie Avrillon, Pierre-Jean Souquet and Chanty Ny

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:10

    Published on: 10 January 2017

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