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Epidemiology and public health

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of pulmonary disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Irisin, a recently discovered myokine, is assumed to be secreted by muscle cells in response to exercise and is involved in the regulation of energy metabolism by browning white adipose tissue cells. However, ...

    Authors: Nils Kerstholt, Ralf Ewert, Matthias Nauck, Thomas Spielhagen, Tom Bollmann, Beate Stubbe, Stephan B Felix, Henri Wallaschofski, Sven Gläser and Nele Friedrich

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:41

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In adults, overweight is associated with reduced lung function, in children evidence on this association is conflicting. We examined the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) at age...

    Authors: Marga B Bekkers, Alet H Wijga, Ulrike Gehring, Gerard H Koppelman, Johan C de Jongste, Henriette A Smit and Bert Brunekreef

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  3. As part of an investigation into the respiratory health in children conducted in Torino, northwestern Italy, our aim was to assess development in lung function from childhood to adolescence, and to assess chan...

    Authors: Pavilio Piccioni, Roberta Tassinari, Aurelia Carosso, Carlo Carena, Massimiliano Bugiani and Roberto Bono

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:31

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The Global Lung Function Initiative 2012 (GLI) reference values are currently endorsed by several respiratory societies but evaluations of applicability for adults resident in European countries are lacking. T...

    Authors: Helena Backman, Anne Lindberg, Anssi Sovijärvi, Kjell Larsson, Bo Lundbäck and Eva Rönmark

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:26

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Recent literature shows that there is a large mismatch between the US patients’ expected duration of acute cough illness and the actual duration. It has been suggested that this discrepancy may lead to antibio...

    Authors: Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Yuk Tsan Wun and Kai Sing Sun

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:23

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Chronic respiratory diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We sought to evaluate the impact of asthma, chronic bronchitis and allergic rhinitis on all-cause hospitalizations and...

    Authors: Simone Accordini, Angelo Guido Corsico, Lucia Calciano, Roberto Bono, Isa Cerveri, Alessandro Fois, Pietro Pirina, Roberta Tassinari, Giuseppe Verlato and Roberto de Marco

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:10

    Content type: Research article

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  7. With the goal of reducing exposure to secondhand smoke, the state of Minnesota (MN), enacted a smoke-free law (i.e., Freedom to Breathe Act) in all workplaces, restaurants, and bars in 2007. This retrospective...

    Authors: Ivana T Croghan, Jon O Ebbert, J Taylor Hays, Darrell R Schroeder, Alanna M Chamberlain, Véronique L Roger and Richard D Hurt

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:6

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In recent years, patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have tended to experience a longer life expectancy and higher quality of life. In this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the ...

    Authors: Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson, Tais Daiene Russo Hortencio, Katia Cristina Alberto Aguiar and Jose Dirceu Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2015 15:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The association between impaired lung function and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors has been shown in adults. However, there is little evidence of such an association in young adults, particularly fro...

    Authors: Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Patricia Bustos, Hugo Amigo, James Potts and Roberto J Rona

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:206

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In a previous study, exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) has been assessed in healthy non-smokers with a photo acoustic spectrometer Brüel&Kjær 1312. Unexpectedly, values were higher than those reported in literatur...

    Authors: Umberto Moscato, Andrea Poscia, Riccardo Gargaruti, Giovanni Capelli and Franco Cavaliere

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:204

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The prognosis of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in whom PE has been ruled out (RPE) is unclear. We aimed to evaluate survival and diagnosis of new cancer in suspected PE patients at follow up.

    Authors: Fernando Javier Vazquez, María Lourdes Posadas-Martínez, Fernán González Bernaldo de Quirós and Diego Hernan Giunta

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:200

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is no consensus regarding obesity repercussions for lung function in children and adolescents. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine whether obesity is associated with poor physical conditioni...

    Authors: Mariana Simões Ferreira, Roberto Teixeira Mendes, Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson, Mariana Porto Zambon, Ilma Aparecida Paschoal, Adyleia Aparecida Dalbo Contrera Toro, Silvana Dalge Severino, Maria Ângela Gonçalves de Oliveira Ribeiro and José Dirceu Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:199

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Evidence suggests that there is an association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). An important etiological link between COPD and CHD may be an underlying sys...

    Authors: Donna R Parker, Jonathan Liu, Mary B Roberts and Charles B Eaton

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:195

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) imposes a substantial burden on patients, health care systems and society due to increasing incidence and poor survival rates. In recent years, advances in the treatment of m...

    Authors: Ansgar Lange, Anne Prenzler, Martin Frank, Heiko Golpon, Tobias Welte and J-Matthias von der Schulenburg

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:192

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Exposure to perinatal anxiety affects disease susceptibility in offspring but studies on the association between perinatal anxiety and gene polymorphisms are lacking. This study aimed to elucidate the interact...

    Authors: Eun Lee, Hyoung Yoon Chang, Kyung-Sook Lee, Dong In Suh, Ho-Sung Yu, Mi-Jin Kang, In Ae Choi, Jinah Park, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Shin, Kang Mo Ahn, Ja-Young Kwon, Suk-Joo Choi, Kyung-Ju Lee, Hye-Sung Won, Song I Yang…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:154

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Patients with COPD frequently have systemic comorbidities that often require unscheduled hospitalization for exacerbation a...

    Authors: Wakae Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Hideo Yasunaga, Mitsuhiro Sunohara, Taisuke Jo, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Kazutaka Takami and Takahide Nagase

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:151

    Content type: Research article

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  17. ATS/ERS Task Force has highlighted that special attention must be paid when FEV1 and FVC are concomitantly decreased (<5th percentile) and the FEV1/FVC ratio is normal (>5th percentile) because a possible cause o...

    Authors: Brigitte Chevalier-Bidaud, Karine Gillet-Juvin, Etienne Callens, Romain Chenu, Sémia Graba, Mohamed Essalhi and Christophe Delclaux

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:148

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Thyroid dysfunction has been described to be linked to a variety of cardiovascular morbidities. Through this pathway thyroid function might also be associated with cardiorespiratory function and exercise capac...

    Authors: Till Ittermann, Sven Gläser, Ralf Ewert, Stephan Felix, Henry Völzke and Marcus Dörr

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:145

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) provoke cognitive and structural brain disorders. Because these disorders have been associated with unsafe gait characterized by an increase in stride-to-stride variab...

    Authors: Sébastien Celle, Cédric Annweiler, Richard Camicioli, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Frédéric Roche and Olivier Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:140

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Being a contact of a pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) case is a risk factor for active and latent TB. The objective of this study is to determine the contact tracing yield using two different programmatic definitio...

    Authors: Carla Loredo, Michelle Cailleaux–Cezar, Anne Efron, Fernanda Carvalho Queiroz de Mello and Marcus Barreto Conde

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:133

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a growing worldwide problem that imposes a great burden on the daily life of patients. Since there is no cure, the goal of treating COPD is to maintain or improv...

    Authors: Annerika HM Slok, Johannes CCM in ’t Veen, Niels H Chavannes, Thys van der Molen, Maureen PMH Rutten-van Mölken, Huib AM Kerstjens, Guus M Asijee, Philippe L Salomé, Sebastiaan Holverda, Richard PN Dekhuijzen, Denise Schuiten, Gerard van Breukelen, Daniel Kotz and Onno CP van Schayck

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:131

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a serious global public health problem. Understanding the correlates of SHS exposure could guide the development of evidence based SHS exposure reduction interventions. Th...

    Authors: Abu S Abdullah, Pete Driezen, Genevieve Sansone, Nigar Nargis, Ghulam AKM Hussain, Anne CK Quah and Geoffrey T Fong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:117

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This paper describes the background, aim, and design of a prospective birth-cohort study in Korea called the COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and allergic diseases (COCOA). COCOA objectives are to investi...

    Authors: Hyeon-Jong Yang, So-Yeon Lee, Dong In Suh, Youn Ho Shin, Byoung-Ju Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyoung Yoon Chang, Kyung Won Kim, Kangmo Ahn, Yee-Jin Shin, Kyung-Sook Lee, Cheol Min Lee, Se-Young Oh, Ho Kim, Jong-Han Leem, Hwan-Cheol Kim…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:109

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Respiratory diseases are one of the causes of childhood morbidity and mortality as well as hospitalization globally. The patterns of different respiratory illnesses in several parts of the world have been repo...

    Authors: Tagbo Oguonu, Chikaodinaka Adaeze Ayuk, Benedict Onyeka Edelu and Ikenna Kingsley Ndu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:101

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor, cognitive and psychiatric disturbances. Chest muscle rigidity, respiratory muscle weakness, difficulty in clearing ...

    Authors: Alvaro Reyes, Travis Cruickshank, Mel Ziman and Kazunori Nosaka

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:89

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), a highly prevalent disease, is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributions of Th17 cells a...

    Authors: Lin Ying, Hequan Li, Zhijie Pan, Shanni Ma, Pei Zhang, Qing Wang, Guohua Lu and Jianying Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:84

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Several lung diseases are increasingly recognized as comorbidities with HIV; however, few data exist related to the spectrum of respiratory symptoms, diagnostic testing, and diagnoses in the current HIV era. T...

    Authors: Matthew R Gingo, Goundappa K Balasubramani, Thomas B Rice, Lawrence Kingsley, Eric C Kleerup, Roger Detels, Eric C Seaberg, Ruth M Greenblatt, Susan Holman, Laurence Huang, Sarah H Sutton, Marnie Bertolet and Alison Morris

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:75

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Selection bias is a systematic error in epidemiologic studies that may seriously distort true measures of associations between exposure and disease. Observational studies are highly susceptible to selection bi...

    Authors: Ane Johannessen, Giuseppe Verlato, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Bertil Forsberg, Karl Franklin, Thorarinn Gislason, Mathias Holm, Christer Janson, Rain Jögi, Eva Lindberg, Ferenc Macsali, Ernst Omenaas, Francisco Gomez Real, Eirunn Waatevik Saure, Vivi Schlünssen, Torben Sigsgaard…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:63

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Many studies have investigated whether pleural cholesterol levels can aid in diagnosis of pleural exudates, and the results have varied considerably. To gain a more reliable answer to this question, we meta-an...

    Authors: Yongchun Shen, Hong Zhu, Chun Wan, Lei Chen, Tao Wang, Ting Yang and Fuqiang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:61

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Estimates of asthma incidence and its possible determinants in adolescent populations have rarely been obtained using prospective designs. We sought to identify socio-demographic and other patterns in the inci...

    Authors: Joshua A Lawson, Ian Janssen, Mark W Bruner, Alomgir Hossain and William Pickett

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:51

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is based on airflow obstruction. In epidemiological studies, spirometric data have often been lacking and researchers have had to rely almost solel...

    Authors: Nicola Murgia, Jonas Brisman, Annika Claesson, Giacomo Muzi, Anna-Carin Olin and Kjell Torén

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:49

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe and progressive disease characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance, ultimately leading to right heart failure and death. Epidemiological data fro...

    Authors: Pavel Jansa, Jiri Jarkovsky, Hikmet Al-Hiti, Jana Popelova, David Ambroz, Tomas Zatocil, Regina Votavova, Pavel Polacek, Jana Maresova, Michael Aschermann, Petr Brabec, Ladislav Dusek and Ales Linhart

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:45

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Air pollution has many effects on the health of both adults and children, but children’s vulnerability is unique. The aim of this review is to discuss the possible molecular mechanisms linking air pollution an...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Rossana Tenconi, Mara Lelii, Valentina Preti, Erica Nazzari, Silvia Consolo and Maria Francesca Patria

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:31

    Content type: Review

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  34. It is well known that maternal smoking during pregnancy is very harmful to the fetus. Prenatal nicotine absorption, in particular, is associated with alterations in lung development and functions at birth and ...

    Authors: Anna M Lavezzi, Melissa F Corna, Graziella Alfonsi and Luigi Matturri

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Hemodynamic status and cardiac function are important factors for predicting pulmonary embolism (PE) prognosis. Although inflammation is considered a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis, the prognostic signif...

    Authors: Jun Yeon Jo, Mi Young Lee, Jin Wook Lee, Byung Hak Rho and Won-Il Choi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Genetic variation within GSTM2-5 genes may interfere with detoxification of environmental compounds, thereby having a detrimental effect on lung function following exposures such as tobacco smoke. We aim to inves...

    Authors: Melannie Alexander, Wilfried Karmaus, John W Holloway, Hongmei Zhang, Graham Roberts, Ramesh J Kurukulaaratchy, Syed Hasan Arshad and Susan Ewart

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2013 13:56

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Recent studies suggest that the incidence of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is rising. Accurate epidemiological data on IPF, however, are sparse and the results of previous studies are contradictory. This...

    Authors: Jaana Kaunisto, Eija-Riitta Salomaa, Ulla Hodgson, Riitta Kaarteenaho and Marjukka Myllärniemi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2013 13:53

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple, low tech, safe and well established, self-paced assessment tool to quantify functional exercise capacity in adults. The definition of normal 6MWT in children is esp...

    Authors: Silvia Ulrich, Florian F Hildenbrand, Ursula Treder, Manuel Fischler, Stephan Keusch, Rudolf Speich and Margrit Fasnacht

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2013 13:49

    Content type: Research article

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