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BMC Pulmonary Medicine

Infectious, Rare and Idiopathic Pulmonary Diseases

Section edited by Sanjay Chotirmall and Giovanni Sotgiu

This section concerns all aspects of pulmonary infection, rare and idiopathic lung diseases including, but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, and pathophysiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The prison situations are notorious for causing interruptions of tuberculosis (TB) treatment and occurrence of unfavorable outcomes. In Ethiopian prisons, though TB treatment programs exist, treatment outcome ...

    Authors: Kelemework Adane, Mark Spigt and Geert-Jan Dinant

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:37

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) results in a heterogeneous clinical course ranging from asymptomatic colonization of the airways to fulminant respiratory failure in patients with cystic fibrosis...

    Authors: Bryan A. Garcia, Jacque L. Carden, Dana L. Goodwin, Tim A. Smith, Amit Gaggar, Kevin Leon, Veena B. Antony, Steven M. Rowe and George M. Solomon

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:35

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) and exercise have become an accepted and valued component of cystic fibrosis (CF) care. Regular PA and exercise can positively impact pulmonary function, improve physical fitness, and en...

    Authors: Helge Hebestreit, Larry C. Lands, Nancy Alarie, Jonathan Schaeff, Chantal Karila, David M. Orenstein, Don S. Urquhart, Erik H. J. Hulzebos, Lothar Stein, Christian Schindler, Susi Kriemler and Thomas Radtke

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:31

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal fibrosing lung disease of unknown cause. The advent of anti-fibrotic medications known to slow disease progression has revolutionised IPF manageme...

    Authors: Helen E. Jo, Ian Glaspole, Yuben Moodley, Sally Chapman, Samantha Ellis, Nicole Goh, Peter Hopkins, Greg Keir, Annabelle Mahar, Wendy Cooper, Paul Reynolds, E. Haydn Walters, Christopher Zappala, Christopher Grainge, Heather Allan, Sacha Macansh…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:19

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was reported to be associated with a deterioration of pulmonary disease as reflected by an accelerate...

    Authors: Alexander Kiefer, Christian Bogdan and Volker O. Melichar

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:20

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common comorbidities in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and mortality risk factors of CO...

    Authors: Ruo-Xuan Dai, Qing-Hua Kong, Bei Mao, Wen Xu, Ru-Jia Tao, Xiao-Ru Wang, Qing-Yao Kong and Jin-Fu Xu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:12

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other interstitial lung diseases (ILD) presents significant clinical challenges. To gain insights regarding the diagnostic experience of patients with I...

    Authors: Gregory P. Cosgrove, Pauline Bianchi, Sherry Danese and David J. Lederer

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:9

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent airway infections are common in patients with Down’s syndrome (DS). Hence, ruling out Cystic Fibrosis (CF) in these patients is often required. In the past, the value of sweat testing – the gold stan...

    Authors: Katharina Ruf, Antonia Demerath, Helge Hebestreit and Steffen Kunzmann

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:8

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Tuberculosis and cryptococcosis co-infection usually occurs in immunosuppressed patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity. However, there are few reports about such co-infection in non-HIV patients without...

    Authors: Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Satoru Koga, Shotaro Ide, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo and Hiroshi Mukae

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:6

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of our study was to assess current practice patterns and attitudes towards diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients in Latin America.

    Authors: Iván Cherrez-Ojeda, Vincent Cottin, Juan Carlos Calderón, César Delgado, Erick Calero, Daniel Simanca-Racines, Silvia Quadrelli and Annia Cherrez

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:5

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Inhalation of nebulised medications is performed in upright sitting to maximise lung volumes. The pattern of deposition is poor for inhaled medications in people with Cystic Fibrosis. The pattern tends to be n...

    Authors: Ruth L. Dentice, Mark R. Elkins, Genevieve M. Dwyer and Peter T. P. Bye

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:3

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  12. Content type: Research article

    There is only limited information on the impact of thin-section computed tomography (TSCT)-determined usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern in the decision-making for resection in newly diagnosed lung can...

    Authors: Naozumi Hashimoto, Akira Ando, Shingo Iwano, Koji Sakamoto, Shotaro Okachi, Asuka Matsuzaki, Yu Okada, Kenji Wakai, Kohei Yokoi and Yoshinori Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:2

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  13. Content type: Research article

    There is conflicting evidence regarding the benefit of adjunctive corticosteroid therapy in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. We hypothesised that corticosteroid therapy could reduce mortality and le...

    Authors: Masato Tashiro, Kiyohide Fushimi, Kei Kawano, Takahiro Takazono, Tomomi Saijo, Kazuko Yamamoto, Shintaro Kurihara, Yoshifumi Imamura, Taiga Miyazaki, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae and Koichi Izumikawa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:219

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Following positive results from the Phase III CHEST-1 study in patients with inoperable or persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the Phase IIIb CTEPH early access study (E...

    Authors: Vallerie V. McLaughlin, Pavel Jansa, Jens E. Nielsen-Kudsk, Michael Halank, Gérald Simonneau, Ekkehard Grünig, Silvia Ulrich, Stephan Rosenkranz, Miguel A. Gómez Sánchez, Tomás Pulido, Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Joan Albert Barberá, Marius M. Hoeper, Jean-Luc Vachiéry, Irene Lang, Francine Carvalho…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:216

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Co-existence or subsequent isolation of multiple nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species in same patient has been reported. However, clinical significance of these observations is unclear. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Jong Sik Lee, Jong Hyuk Lee, Soon Ho Yoon, Taek Soo Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung Koo Han and Jae-Joon Yim

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:213

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Because of a limited number of reports, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with Legionella pneumonia due to non-Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 and the diagnostic usefulness of th...

    Authors: Akihiro Ito, Tadashi Ishida, Yasuyoshi Washio, Akio Yamazaki and Hiromasa Tachibana

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:211

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have airway inflammation that contributes to symptoms and to pulmonary function derangement. Current drugs used to diminish airway inflammation improve the clinical and spiro...

    Authors: Mario H. Vargas, Rosangela Del-Razo-Rodríguez, Amando López-García, José Luis Lezana-Fernández, Jaime Chávez, María E. Y. Furuya and Juan Carlos Marín-Santana

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:206

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