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Respiratory critical care

Section edited by Raffaele Scala

This section concerns all aspects dealing with pulmonary critically ill patients: models of acute setting ; epidemiology, monitoring and treatment of acute respiratory failure; patho-physiology and clinical applications of invasive e non-invasive mechanical ventilation; weaning strategies; morbidity and mortality; ethical problems; imaging and interventional procedures; nurse and physiotherapist's issues.

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  1. Content type: Review

    Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by widespread fibrotic and inflammatory abnormalities of the lung. Respiratory failure is a common complication in advanced...

    Authors: Paola Faverio, Federica De Giacomi, Luca Sardella, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Mauro Carone, Francesco Salerno, Jousel Ora, Paola Rogliani, Giulia Pellegrino, Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Francesco Bini, Bruno Dino Bodini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci and Antonio Esquinas

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:70

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pleural effusion (PE) drainage can relieve the symptoms of dyspnea; however, details of the resulting hemodynamic changes remain undefined.

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Qi-Zhe Cai, Cheng-Jun Ban, Duo Chen, Li-Li Xu, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhen Wang, Yuan Yang, Xiu-Zhang Lv and Huan-Zhong Shi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:62

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific an...

    Authors: Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry and Grainne Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:59

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To compare, in terms of patient-ventilator interaction and performance, a new nasal mask (Respireo, AirLiquide, FR) with the Endotracheal tube (ET) and a commonly used nasal mask (FPM, Fisher and Paykel, NZ) f...

    Authors: Giorgio Conti, Giorgia Spinazzola, Cesare Gregoretti, Giuliano Ferrone, Andrea Cortegiani, Olimpia Festa, Marco Piastra, Luca Tortorolo and Roberta Costa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:57

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial respiratory infections (BRI) are major complications contributing to increased morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation (LT). This study analyzed epidemiology and outcome of 175 consecutive...

    Authors: Sebastien Tanaka, Claire Geneve, Gianpiero Tebano, Nathalie Grall, Pascal Piednoir, Régis Bronchard, Mathieu Godement, Enora Atchade, Pascal Augustin, Herve Mal, Yves Castier, Philippe Montravers and Mathieu Desmard

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:43

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In the 1980s, randomized-controlled trials showed that high-dose corticosteroid treatment did not improve the mortality of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, while the diagnostic criteria for...

    Authors: Takashi Kido, Keiji Muramatsu, Takeshi Asakawa, Hiroki Otsubo, Takaaki Ogoshi, Keishi Oda, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Yoshihisa Fujino, Shinya Matsuda, Toshihiko Mayumi, Hiroshi Mukae and Kazuhiro Yatera

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:28

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Pulmonary emphysema combined with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) occurs more often in smokers but also in never-smokers. This study aimed to describe a new finding characte...

    Authors: Hideaki Yamakawa, Tamiko Takemura, Tae Iwasawa, Yumie Yamanaka, Satoshi Ikeda, Akimasa Sekine, Hideya Kitamura, Tomohisa Baba, Shinichiro Iso, Koji Okudela, Kazuyoshi Kuwano and Takashi Ogura

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:25

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Pneumococcal pneumonia causes high morbidity and mortality among adults. This study aimed to identify risk factors for bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia, and to construct a prediction model for the development...

    Authors: Yasuyoshi Washio, Akihiro Ito, Shogo Kumagai, Tadashi Ishida and Akio Yamazaki

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:24

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Early onset of lung injury is considerable common after cardiac surgery and is associated with increasing in morbidity and mortality, but current clinical predictors for the occurrence of this complication alw...

    Authors: XiWang Liu, QiXing Chen, YuJia Luo, YaoQin Hu, DengMing Lai, XiaoLe Zhang, XiangHong Zhang, JianGen Yu, XiangMing Fang and Qiang Shu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:218

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe hypersensitivity drug reaction involving the skin and multiple internal organ systems. The symptoms typically present with fever and sk...

    Authors: Olivia Wilcox, Mohamed Hassanein, John Armstrong and Nader Kassis

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:217

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia poses a significant burden to the U.S. health-care system. However, there are few data focusing on severe pneumonia, particularly cases of pneumonia associated with specialized care in intensive care...

    Authors: Aaron D. Storms, Jufu Chen, Lisa A. Jackson, James D. Nordin, Allison L. Naleway, Jason M. Glanz, Steven J. Jacobsen, Eric S. Weintraub, Nicola P. Klein, Paul M. Gargiullo and Alicia M. Fry

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:208

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Uncertainly prevails with regard to the use of inhalation or instillation steroids to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. The meta-analysis with sequential analysis was designed to evaluate ...

    Authors: Zhi-Qun Zhang, Ying Zhong, Xian-Mei Huang and Li-Zhong Du

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:207

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is potentially underrecognized by clinicians. Early recognition and subsequent optimal treatment of patients with ARDS may be facilitated by usage of biomarkers. Surf...

    Authors: Jinkyeong Park, Maria Pabon, Augustine M. K. Choi, Ilias I. Siempos, Laura E. Fredenburgh, Rebecca M. Baron, Kyeongman Jeon, Chi Ryang Chung, Jeong Hoon Yang, Chi-Min Park and Gee Young Suh

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:204

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common and life-threatening medical emergency in patients admitted to the hospital. Currently, there is a lack of large-scale evidence on the use of high-flow nasal cannula...

    Authors: Youfeng Zhu, Haiyan Yin, Rui Zhang and Jianrui Wei

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:201

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a neonatal chronic lung disease characterized by impaired pulmonary alveolar development in preterm infants. Until now, little is known about the molecular and cellular basi...

    Authors: Cheng Cai, Jiajun Qiu, Gang Qiu, Yihuan Chen, Zhijun Song, Juan Li and Xiaohui Gong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:199

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a valuable life support in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adult patients. However, the success of VV-ECMO is known to be influenced by...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Yu-Sheng Chang, Chung-Chi Huang, Tzu-I Wu and Pyng-Jing Lin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:181

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasound is a convenient tool to evaluate cardiac and diaphragm function. The ratio (E/Ea) of mitral Doppler inflow velocity to annular tissue Doppler wave velocity by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) an...

    Authors: Ling Luo, Yidan Li, Xiukai Chen, Bing Sun, Wenxiong Li, Wei Gu, Shuo Wang, Song Zhao, Yanwei Lv, Mulei Chen, Jingen Xia, Feng Sui, Xue Mei, Huanzhong Shi and Zhaohui Tong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:161

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The effects of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on adult patients after extubation remain controversial. We aimed to further determine the effectiveness of HFNC in comparison to noninvasive positive pressure ven...

    Authors: Yue-Nan Ni, Jian Luo, He Yu, Dan Liu, Bin-Miao Liang, Rong Yao and Zong-An Liang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:142

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a proportional ventilatory mode that uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) to offer ventilatory assistance in proportion to patient effort. NAVA ha...

    Authors: Juliana C. Ferreira, Fabia Diniz-Silva, Henrique T. Moriya, Adriano M. Alencar, Marcelo B. P. Amato and Carlos R. R. Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:139

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminat...

    Authors: Pablo Cruces, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Julio Quilodrán, Jorge Valenzuela, Javier Martínez, Natalia Rivero, Pablo Arias and Franco Díaz

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:129

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