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BMC Pulmonary Medicine

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Respiratory critical care

Section edited by Raffaele Scala

This section concerns all aspects dealing with pulmonary critically ill patients: models of acute setting ; epidemiology, monitoring and treatment of acute respiratory failure; patho-physiology and clinical applications of invasive e non-invasive mechanical ventilation; weaning strategies; morbidity and mortality; ethical problems; imaging and interventional procedures; nurse and physiotherapist's issues.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common and life-threatening medical emergency in patients admitted to the hospital. Currently, there is a lack of large-scale evidence on the use of high-flow nasal cannula...

    Authors: Youfeng Zhu, Haiyan Yin, Rui Zhang and Jianrui Wei

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:201

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a neonatal chronic lung disease characterized by impaired pulmonary alveolar development in preterm infants. Until now, little is known about the molecular and cellular basi...

    Authors: Cheng Cai, Jiajun Qiu, Gang Qiu, Yihuan Chen, Zhijun Song, Juan Li and Xiaohui Gong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:199

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a valuable life support in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adult patients. However, the success of VV-ECMO is known to be influenced by...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Yu-Sheng Chang, Chung-Chi Huang, Tzu-I Wu and Pyng-Jing Lin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:181

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasound is a convenient tool to evaluate cardiac and diaphragm function. The ratio (E/Ea) of mitral Doppler inflow velocity to annular tissue Doppler wave velocity by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) an...

    Authors: Ling Luo, Yidan Li, Xiukai Chen, Bing Sun, Wenxiong Li, Wei Gu, Shuo Wang, Song Zhao, Yanwei Lv, Mulei Chen, Jingen Xia, Feng Sui, Xue Mei, Huanzhong Shi and Zhaohui Tong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:161

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The effects of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on adult patients after extubation remain controversial. We aimed to further determine the effectiveness of HFNC in comparison to noninvasive positive pressure ven...

    Authors: Yue-Nan Ni, Jian Luo, He Yu, Dan Liu, Bin-Miao Liang, Rong Yao and Zong-An Liang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:142

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a proportional ventilatory mode that uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) to offer ventilatory assistance in proportion to patient effort. NAVA ha...

    Authors: Juliana C. Ferreira, Fabia Diniz-Silva, Henrique T. Moriya, Adriano M. Alencar, Marcelo B. P. Amato and Carlos R. R. Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:139

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminat...

    Authors: Pablo Cruces, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Julio Quilodrán, Jorge Valenzuela, Javier Martínez, Natalia Rivero, Pablo Arias and Franco Díaz

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:129

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is still one of the most severe complications in immunocompromised patients. Our previous systematic review showed noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) reduced mortality, le...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Gang Liu, Kun He, Xin Lu, Xianquan Liang, Meng Wang, Rong Zhu, Zongru Li, Feng Chen, Jun Ke, Qingming Lin, Chuanyun Qian, Bo Li, Jie Wei, Jingjun Lv, Li Li…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:127

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sedation and/or analgesia can relieve the patient-ventilator asynchrony. However, whether sedation and/or analgesia can benefit the clinical outcome of the patients with interface intolerance is still unclear.

    Authors: Yue-Nan Ni, Ting Wang, He Yu, Bin-Miao Liang and Zong-An Liang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:125

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Expired gas (exhalome) analysis of ventilated critical ill patients can be used for drug monitoring and biomarker diagnostics. However, it remains unclear to what extent volatile organic compounds are present ...

    Authors: Tobias Hüppe, Dominik Lorenz, Mario Wachowiak, Felix Maurer, Andreas Meiser, Heinrich Groesdonk, Tobias Fink, Daniel I. Sessler and Sascha Kreuer

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:116

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Positive-pressure mechanical ventilation is essential in assisting patients with respiratory failure in the intensive care unit and facilitating oxygenation in the operating room. However, it was also recogniz...

    Authors: Nan-Chun Wu, Fan-Ting Liao, Hao-min Cheng, Shih-Hsien Sung, Yu-Chun Yang and Jiun-Jr Wang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:105

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  12. Content type: Case report

    To describe the experience of combination therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), high-frequency oscillatory ventilation(HFOV) and prone positioning in treating severe respiratory failure cause...

    Authors: Hangyong He, Hao Wang, Xuyan Li, Xiao Tang, Rui Wang, Bing Sun and Zhaohui Tong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:103

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  13. Content type: Case report

    In patients with post-extubation respiratory distress, delayed reintubation may worsen clinical outcomes. Objective measures of extubation failure at the bedside are lacking, therefore clinical parameters are ...

    Authors: Fabia Diniz-Silva, Anna Miethke-Morais, Adriano M. Alencar, Henrique T. Moriya, Pedro Caruso, Eduardo L. V. Costa and Juliana C. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:91

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) is widely used for investigative research to study innate, cellular and humoral immune responses, and in early phase drug trials. Conventional (multiple use) flexible bronchoscope...

    Authors: Seher Raza Zaidi, Andrea M. Collins, Elena Mitsi, Jesús Reiné, Kayleigh Davies, Angela D Wright, Jessica Owugha, Richard Fitzgerald, Amitava Ganguli, Stephen B Gordon, Daniela Mulari Ferreira and Jamie Rylance

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:83

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Foreign Body Aspiration (FBA) is a serious problem in children and delays in diagnosis and management can be devastating. The history is often vague, with subtle physical and chest radiograph abnormalities. Th...

    Authors: Ibrahim A. Janahi, Shabina Khan, Prem Chandra, Noora Al-Marri, Ammar Saadoon, Lolwa Al-Naimi, Maryam Al-Thani and William Greer

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:61

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is performed as an acceptable life-saving bridging procedure in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).To patients with avian influenza A (H7...

    Authors: Qi Nie, Ding-yu Zhang, Wen-juan Wu, Chao-lin Huang and Zheng-yi Ni

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:38

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (AHRF) who are unresponsive to appropriate medical treatment, are often treated with Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV). Clinical predictors of...

    Authors: Brynja Jónsdóttir, Åsa Jaworowski, Carmen San Miguel and Olle Melander

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:35

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinical trials have, so far, failed to establish clear beneficial outcomes of recruitment maneuvers (RMs) on patient mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and the effects of RMs on the card...

    Authors: Anup Das, Mainul Haque, Marc Chikhani, Oana Cole, Wenfei Wang, Jonathan G. Hardman and Declan G. Bates

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:34

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hyperoxia is common early in the course of resuscitation of critically ill patients. It has been associated with mortality in some, but not all, studies of cardiac arrest patients and other critically ill coho...

    Authors: Derek W. Russell, David R. Janz, William L. Emerson, Addison K. May, Gordon R. Bernard, Zhiguo Zhao, Tatsuki Koyama and Lorraine B. Ware

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:29

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