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  1. Content type: Research article

    Many trials of nebulized therapy have used nebulized saline as a "placebo". However, nebulized isotonic saline is sometimes used to assist sputum expectoration and relieve breathlessness in COPD patients. We d...

    Authors: Shahina Y Khan and B Ronan O'Driscoll

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:9

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    Non-invasive monitoring of respiratory muscle function is an area of increasing research interest, resulting in the appearance of new monitoring devices, one of these being piezoelectric contact sensors. The p...

    Authors: José Antonio Fiz, Raimon Jané, Abel Torres, Josep Morera, Batxi Galdiz, Joaquín Gea and Alejandro Grassino

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:8

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The long acting β2-agonists, salmeterol and formoterol, have been recommended, by some, as first line treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We reviewed evidence of efficacy and safe...

    Authors: Don Husereau, Vijay Shukla, Michel Boucher, Shaila Mensinkai and Robert Dales

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:7

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The predictive role of many cytokines has not been well defined in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).

    Authors: Demosthenes Bouros, Michael G Alexandrakis, Katerina M Antoniou, Panagiotis Agouridakis, Ioannis Pneumatikos, Stavros Anevlavis, Athanasia Pataka, George Patlakas, Nikolaos Karkavitsas and Despina Kyriakou

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:6

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical exercise has become a cornerstone of management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) because it leads to clinically relevant improvements of exercise capacity and health-related quality of ...

    Authors: Milo A Puhan, Gilbert Büsching, Evelien vanOort, Christian Zaugg, Holger J Schünemann and Martin Frey

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:5

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  6. Content type: Research article

    We tested the hypothesis that ventilatory drive in hypoxia and hypercapnia is inversely correlated with the number of hypopneas and obstructive apneas per hour of sleep (obstructive apnea hypopnea index, OAHI)...

    Authors: Ralph F Fregosi, Stuart F Quan, Andrew C Jackson, Kris L Kaemingk, Wayne J Morgan, Jamie L Goodwin, Jenny C Reeder, Rosaria K Cabrera and Elena Antonio

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:4

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) which is an important part of all nosocomial infections in intensive care unit (ICU) is a serious illness with substantial morbidity and mortality, and increases costs of ...

    Authors: Riza Hakan Erbay, Ata Nevzat Yalcin, Mehmet Zencir, Simay Serin and Habip Atalay

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:3

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of asthma. High levels of circulating IL-5 have been documented in acute asthma. However, serum IL-5 levels in mild to moderate asthma...

    Authors: Jose Joseph, Sheela Benedict, Wassef Safa and Maries Joseph

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2004 4:2

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Although the pathophysiological defect in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD; Siewert's / Kartagener's syndrome) is now well characterised, there are few studies of the impact of the condition upon health functio...

    Authors: I Christopher McManus, Hannah M Mitchison, Eddie MK Chung, Georgina F Stubbings and Naomi Martin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2003 3:4

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Approximately ten percent of patients placed on mechanical ventilation during acute illness will require long-term ventilator support. Unfortunately, despite rehabilitation, some will never be liberated from t...

    Authors: Katherine P Hendra, Peter AL Bonis and Martin Joyce-Brady

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2003 3:3

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Fine needle aspiration is an important tool for diagnosis and preoperative evaluation of solitary nodules of the lung. It provides a definitive diagnosis in most patients at low cost with minimal trauma. Howev...

    Authors: Bahman Torkian, Rani Kanthan and Brent Burbridge

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2003 3:2

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  12. Content type: Research article

    HTLV-I infection has been linked to lung pathology and HTLV-II has been associated with an increased incidence of pneumonia and acute bronchitis. However it is unknown whether HTLV-I or -II infection alters pu...

    Authors: Edward L Murphy, Helen E Ownby, James W Smith, George Garratty, Sheila T Hutching, Ying Wu and Dannie I Ameti

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2003 3:1

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The heterogeneity of conditions underlying respiratory distress, whether classified clinically as acute lung injury (ALI) or the more severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), has hampered efforts to ...

    Authors: Kang Fan and William A Nagle

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2002 2:5

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is responsible for more female deaths around the earth than any other infectious disease. Reports have suggested that responses to tuberculosis may differ between men and women. We investigated ge...

    Authors: Peter Nsubuga, John L Johnson, Alphonse Okwera, Roy D Mugerwa, Jerrold J Ellner and Christopher C Whalen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2002 2:4

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Lung function is a strong predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Previous studies suggest that alcohol exposure may be linked to impaired pulmonary function through oxidant-antioxidant mechanisms...

    Authors: Holger J Schünemann, Brydon JB Grant, Jo L Freudenheim, Paola Muti, Susan E McCann, Deepa Kudalkar, Malathi Ram, Tom Nochajski, Marcia Russell and Maurizio Trevisan

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2002 2:3

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  16. Content type: Hypothesis

    Attempts at gene therapy for the pulmonary manifestations of Cystic Fibrosis have relied mainly on airway delivery. However the efficiency of gene transfer and expression in the airway epithelia has not reache...

    Authors: Ameet Bakhai, Desmond J Sheridan and Charles C Coutelle

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2002 2:2

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To determine the accuracy of serum-effusion albumin gradient (SEAG) and pleural fluid to serum albumin ratio (ALBR) in the diagnostic separation of pleural effusion into transudate and exudate and to compare S...

    Authors: Jose Joseph, Padmanabhan Badrinath, Gurnam S Basran and Steven A Sahn

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2002 2:1

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  18. Content type: Research article

    It is known that tissue and serum sialic acid levels may be altered by malignant transformation. In this study, sialic acid levels were determined in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) and serum in two groups ...

    Authors: Turgut Isitmangil, Gulbu Isitmangil, Yasemin Budak, Recep Aydilek and Mehmet Kutlu Celenk

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2001 1:4

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that usually affects the aorta, its primary branches and occasionally the pulmonary and coronary arteries. Female gender in reproductive age and ...

    Authors: Beatrice Neidhart, Robert Kosek, Lucas M Bachmann and Claudia Stey

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2001 1:3

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Since the sterilising activity of new antituberculosis drugs is difficult to assess by conventional phase III studies, surrogate methods related to eventual relapse rates are required.

    Authors: Richard Brindle, Joseph Odhiambo and Denis Mitchison

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2001 1:2

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