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  1. Case report

    Successful rescue combination of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and prone positioning for the management of severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia complicated by pneumothorax: a case report and literature review

    To describe the experience of combination therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), high-frequency oscillatory ventilation(HFOV) and prone positioning in treating severe respiratory failure cause...

    Hangyong He, Hao Wang, Xuyan Li, Xiao Tang, Rui Wang, Bing Sun and Zhaohui Tong

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:103

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Analysis of long term CD4+CD25highCD127- T-reg cells kinetics in peripheral blood of lung transplant recipients

    The role of CD4+CD25highCD127 T-reg cells in solid-organ Transplant (Tx) acceptance has been extensively studied. In previous studies on kidney and liver recipients, peripheral T-reg cell counts were associated ...

    Davide Piloni, Monica Morosini, Sara Magni, Alice Balderacchi, Luigia Scudeller, Emanuela Cova, Tiberio Oggionni, Giulia Stella, Carmine Tinelli, Filippo Antonacci, Andrea Maria D’Armini and Federica Meloni

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:102

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  3. Case report

    Monitoring clinical and microbiological evolution of a cystic fibrosis patient over 26 years: experience of a Brazilian CF Centre

    Burkholderia cepacia complex is a group of opportunistic pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients believed to be associated with poor prognosis and patient-to-patient transmissibilit...

    Cassiana da Costa Ferreira Leite, Tania Wrobel Folescu, Mônica de Cássia Firmida, Renata Wrobel Folescu Cohen, Robson Souza Leão, Flávia Alvim Dutra de Freitas, Rodolpho Mattos Albano, Claudia Henrique da Costa and Elizabeth Andrade Marques

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:100

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  4. Research article

    Patient preferences for dry powder inhaler attributes in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in France: a discrete choice experiment

    Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are often used in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) therapies. Using the discrete choice experiment (DCE) methodology, this study conducted in France was design...

    Natalia Hawken, Saku Torvinen, Mohamed-Elmoctar Neine, Ikbel Amri, Mondher Toumi, Samuel Aballéa, Adam Plich and Nicolas Roche

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:99

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Lung function development after preterm birth in relation to severity of Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a strong risk factor for respiratory morbidity in children born preterm. Our aims were to evaluate lung function in adolescents born preterm with and without a history of BP...

    Petra Um-Bergström, Jenny Hallberg, Per Thunqvist, Eva Berggren-Broström, Martin Anderson, Gunilla Adenfelt, Gunnar Lilja, Giovanni Ferrara, C. Magnus Sköld and Erik Melén

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:97

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Bacteraemia and fungaemia in cystic fibrosis patients with febrile pulmonary exacerbation: a prospective observational study

    Bloodstream pathogens can be identified by multiplex PCR (SeptiFast (SF)) or blood culture (BC); whether these pathogens are present in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients during febrile pulmonary exacerbations (FPE...

    Joerg Grosse-Onnebrink, Florian Stehling, Eva Tschiedel, Margarete Olivier, Uwe Mellies, Rene Schmidt, Jan Buer, Peter-Micheal Rath and Joerg Steinmann

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:96

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Prevalence and associated risk factors of chronic bronchitis in First Nations people

    Inadequate housing, low family income, household smoking, personal smoking status, and poor schooling are some of the conditions that have been significantly associated with the prevalence and incidence of chr...

    Punam Pahwa, Chandima P. Karunanayake, Donna C. Rennie, Joshua A. Lawson, Vivian R. Ramsden, Kathleen McMullin, P. Jenny Gardipy, Judy MacDonald, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew and James A. Dosman

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:95

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  8. Research article

    White matter lesions characterise brain involvement in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but cerebral atrophy does not

    Brain pathology is relatively unexplored in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study is a comprehensive investigation of grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) changes and how these relate to d...

    Catherine A. Spilling, Paul W. Jones, James W. Dodd and Thomas R. Barrick

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:92

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  9. Case report

    Monitoring the electric activity of the diaphragm during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation: a case report

    In patients with post-extubation respiratory distress, delayed reintubation may worsen clinical outcomes. Objective measures of extubation failure at the bedside are lacking, therefore clinical parameters are ...

    Fabia Diniz-Silva, Anna Miethke-Morais, Adriano M. Alencar, Henrique T. Moriya, Pedro Caruso, Eduardo L. V. Costa and Juliana C. Ferreira

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:91

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  10. Study protocol

    Health coaching to improve self-management and quality of life for low income patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severely hinders quality of life for those affected and is costly to the health care system. Care gaps in areas such as pharmacotherapy, inhaler technique, and know...

    Beatrice Huang, Rachel Willard-Grace, Denise De Vore, Jessica Wolf, Chris Chirinos, Stephanie Tsao, Danielle Hessler, George Su and David H. Thom

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:90

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  11. Case report

    Sarcoidosis as a rare cause for symmetrical giant bullous disease

    Sarcoidosis presents with typical clinic-radiological findings and shows histologically non-caseating granulomas. Pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis can be diverse, involving the intrathoracic lymph nodes...

    Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Elisa Leggeri, Walter Weder and Bart Vrugt

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:88

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Evaluation of gene xpert for routine diagnosis of HIV-associated tuberculosis in Nigeria: A prospective cohort study

    Xpert MTB/Rif (Xpert) is described as a game changer in tuberculosis (TB) control. We evaluated the impact of Xpert on diagnosis, time to treatment, and treatment outcome among patients with HIV associated TB ...

    Maxwell Oluwole Akanbi, Chad Achenbach, Babafemi Taiwo, John Idoko, Agatha Ani, Yetunde Isa, Oche Agbaji, Christiana Ukoli, Patrick Akande, Mamoudou Maiga and Robert Leo Murphy

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:87

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Detection of ALK fusion transcripts in FFPE lung cancer samples by NanoString technology

    ALK-rearranged lung cancers exhibit specific pathologic and clinical features and are responsive to anti-ALK therapies. Therefore, the detection of ALK-rearrangement is fundamental for...

    Adriane F. Evangelista, Maicon F. Zanon, Adriana Cruvinel Carloni, Flávia E. de Paula, Mariana Andozia Morini, Maressa Ferreira-Neto, Iberê Cauduro Soares, Jose Elias Miziara, Pedro de Marchi, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto and Rui M. Reis

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:86

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Mechanical ventilation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a nationwide analysis of ventilator use, outcomes, and resource burden

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with increased risk of respiratory-related hospitalizations. Studies suggest mechanical ventilation (MV) use in IPF does not improve outcomes and guidelines re...

    Joshua J. Mooney, Karina Raimundo, Eunice Chang and Michael S. Broder

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:84

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  15. Research article

    Single use and conventional bronchoscopes for Broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) in research: a comparative study (NCT 02515591)

    Broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) is widely used for investigative research to study innate, cellular and humoral immune responses, and in early phase drug trials. Conventional (multiple use) flexible bronchoscope...

    Seher Raza Zaidi, Andrea M. Collins, Elena Mitsi, Jesús Reiné, Kayleigh Davies, Angela D Wright, Jessica Owugha, Richard Fitzgerald, Amitava Ganguli, Stephen B Gordon, Daniela Mulari Ferreira and Jamie Rylance

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:83

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: identification of key prognostic determinants using automated CT analysis

    Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP) has a variable disease course. Computer analysis of CT features was used to identify a subset of CHP patients with an outcome similar to patients with idiopathic pulm...

    Joseph Jacob, Brian J. Bartholmai, Ryoko Egashira, Anne Laure Brun, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Ronald Karwoski, Maria Kokosi, David M. Hansell and Athol U. Wells

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:81

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Risk of incident active tuberculosis disease in patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a population-based study

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s most devastating public health threats. Our goal is to evaluate whether the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...

    Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Yih Wu, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Chih-Cheng Lai, I-Lin Wu, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang and Chien-Chang Lee

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:82

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Epithelial ciliated beating cells essential for ex vivo ALI culture growth

    Bronchial epithelium plays a key role in orchestrating innate and adaptive immunity. The fate of ex vivo airway epithelial cultures growing at the air liquid interface (ALI) derived from human endobronchial bi...

    Delphine Gras, Aurélie Petit, Jérémy Charriot, Lucie Knabe, Khuder Alagha, Anne Sophie Gamez, Céline Garulli, Arnaud Bourdin, Pascal Chanez, Nicolas Molinari and Isabelle Vachier

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:80

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Seasonal influenza vaccination in patients with COPD: a systematic literature review

    Influenza is a frequent cause of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exacerbations are associated with worsening of the airflow obstruction, hospitalisation, reduced quality of life,...

    Rafik Bekkat-Berkani, Tom Wilkinson, Philippe Buchy, Gael Dos Santos, Dimitris Stefanidis, Jeanne-Marie Devaster and Nadia Meyer

    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2017 17:79

    Published on: 3 May 2017

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