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Table 4 MEAN RESIDUAL PULMONARY FUNCTION (*) AND STRATIFICATION BY SMOKING HISTORY (**)

From: Inadequate glucose control in type 2 diabetes is associated with impaired lung function and systemic inflammation: a cross-sectional study

  INADEQUATE CONTROL ADEQUATE CONTROL DIFFERENCE IN MEAN RESIDUALS  
  n Mean n Mean   95% CI  
       LL HL p Value
rFEV 1 352 -164.9 143 -89.5 -75.4 -92.2 -58.6 < 0.0001
Smoking History        
Non-smoker 151 -137.6 64 -57.1 -80.5 -95.9 -65.1 < 0.0001
Past 152 -181.5 58 -119.3 -62.2 -101.2 -23.0 0.0029
Current 49 -197.3 21 -105.8 -91.5 -173.6 -9.4 0.0194
rFVC 352 -247.3 143 -126.1 -121.2 -134.1 -108.4 < 0.0001
Smoking History        
Non-smoker 151 -192.4 64 -130.8 -61.6 -74.0 -49.2 < 0.0001
Past 152 -294.1 58 -136.1 -158.0 -191.5 -124.4 < 0.0001
Current 49 -271.3 21 -83.7 -187.7 -245.4 -129.9 < 0.0001
rFEV 1 /FVC 352 1.021 143 1.008 0.013 0.009 0.018 < 0.0001
Smoking history        
Non-smoker 151 1.024 64 1.023 0.001 -0.006 0.008 0.7473
Past 152 1.023 58 0.997 0.026 0.020 0.033 < 0.0001
Current 49 1.007 21 0.991 0.015 0.001 0.032 0.0184
  1. (*) Values in bold are mean residuals for FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC adjusted for differences in age, height, sex, and smoking history.
  2. (**) Values stratified by smoking history are mean residuals adjusted for differences in age, height, and sex.
  3. CI: Confidence interval. LL: lower limit; HL: higher limit.