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  1. Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease caused by CD4+ cell-dominant inflammation. Meanwhile, diffuse panbronchiolitis is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease predominantly caused by CD8+ lymphoc...

    Authors: Tomohiro Akaba, Kiyoshi Takeyama, Mitsuko Kondo, Fumi Kobayashi, Asako Okabayashi, Tatsuo Sawada and Etsuko Tagaya

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:77

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Hypoxia affects myocardial oxygen supply resulting in subclinical cardiac dysfunction in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, with cardiovascular complications being associated with increased oxidative burs...

    Authors: Antonello D’Andrea, Angelo Canora, Simona Sperlongano, Domenico Galati, Serena Zanotta, Giorgio Emanuele Polistina, Carmine Nicoletta, Giacomo Ghinassi, Maurizio Galderisi, Alessandro Sanduzzi Zamparelli, Patrizio Lancellotti and Marialuisa Bocchino

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Malignant tumors are risk factors for a pulmonary embolism (PE), and a PE caused by a tumor is not uncommon. Primary pleural squamous cell carcinoma (PPSCC) is a rare malignancy; thus, a related PE is extremel...

    Authors: Zhongzhong Chen, Tingting Feng, Meng Wang, Xingxiang Xu, Yuxiu Wang, Yiran Li and Lingfeng Min

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:75

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) skeletal muscle dysfunction is a prevalent malady that significantly affects patients’ prognosis and quality of life. Although the study of this disease has attract...

    Authors: Jianqing Su, Jian Li, Yufan Lu, Ning Li, Peijun Li, Zhengrong Wang, Weibing Wu and Xiaodan Liu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The discriminatory ability of multi-attribute utility (MAU) measures compared to condition-specific measures (CSM) in assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with chronic obstructive pu...

    Authors: Eunmi Bae, Sang-Eun Choi, Haeyoung Lee, Gyeongseon Shin and Daewon Kang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are the most commonly used medications for fever and pain management in children. While the efficacy appears similar with both drugs, there are contradictory findings related to adver...

    Authors: Mohamed Sherbash, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Joanne Daghfal Nader and Lukman Thalib

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The concurrence of sarcoidosis and primary lung cancer is very rare. We report a very rare case with a delayed diagnosis of primary lung cancer due to its misdiagnosis as worsening of pulmonary sarcoidosis.

    Authors: Hong-Joon Shin, Min-Seok Kim, Bo Gun Kho, Ha Young Park, Tae-Ok Kim, Cheol-Kyu Park, In-Jae Oh, Yu-Il Kim, Young-Chul Kim, Yoo-Duk Choi and Sung-Chul Lim

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:71

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) is an opportunistic fungal pathogen and the role of its colonization in pulmonary diseases has become a popular focus in recent years. The aim of this study was to develop a ...

    Authors: Ting Xue, Zhuang Ma, Fan Liu, Weiqin Du, Li He, Jinyan Wang and Chunli An

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Lung cancer is one of the most common co-morbid conditions in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and negatively affects the prognosis of IPF; Current guidelines for the management of IPF do not ...

    Authors: Weirong Ma, Hui Li, Zhigang Tian, Shaojin Wang, Xiwei Zheng and Jia Hou

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:69

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Chronic cough has an important impact on physical, social and psychological aspects. A simple and effective method to assess different aspects of chronic cough severity is required. We aimed to develop a simpl...

    Authors: Wenzhi Zhan, Liting Zhang, Mei Jiang, Meihua Chen, Xiaoling Yuan, Jianxin Sun, Pusheng Xu, Feng Wu, Chunlai Zhang, Wei Luo, Xiaomei Chen, Hu Li and Kefang Lai

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA) are common in participants of lung cancer screening trials and broad population-based cohorts. They are associated with increased mortality, but less is known about diseas...

    Authors: Nils Hoyer, Laura H. Thomsen, Mathilde M. W. Wille, Torgny Wilcke, Asger Dirksen, Jesper H. Pedersen, Zaigham Saghir, Haseem Ashraf and Saher B. Shaker

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Uncontrolled severe asthma in children is burdensome and challenging to manage. This study aims to describe outcomes in children with uncontrolled severe asthma managed in a nurse-led severe asthma clinic (SAC).

    Authors: Patricia de Gouveia Belinelo, Aleisha Nielsen, Bernadette Goddard, Lauren Platt, Carla Rebeca Da Silva Sena, Paul D. Robinson, Bruce Whitehead, Jodi Hilton, Tanya Gulliver, Laurence Roddick, Kasey Pearce, Vanessa E. Murphy, Peter G. Gibson, Adam Collison and Joerg Mattes

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Diagnostic tools, including culture, serologic test and PCR-based methods, are available but prone to false negative res...

    Authors: Lei Gu, Wei Liu, Meng Ru, Jing Lin, Guoqing Yu, Jia Ye, Zheng-an Zhu, Yuebin Liu, Jian Chen, Guoxiang Lai and Wen Wen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:65

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) play important roles in the turnover of extracellular matrix and in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This study ai...

    Authors: Jamie L. Todd, Richard Vinisko, Yi Liu, Megan L. Neely, Robert Overton, Kevin R. Flaherty, Imre Noth, L. Kristin Newby, Joseph A. Lasky, Mitchell A. Olman, Christian Hesslinger, Thomas B. Leonard, Scott M. Palmer and John A. Belperio

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Asthma is one of the conditions that contributes to the global burden of respiratory diseases and has been previously associated with diet intake. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Carla E. Tarazona-Meza, Corrine Hanson, Suzanne L. Pollard, Karina M. Romero Rivero, Rocio M. Galvez Davila, Sameera Talegawkar, Carlos Rojas, Jessica L. Rice, William Checkley and Nadia N. Hansel

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requires urgent and specific antimicrobial therapy. However, the causal pathogen is typically unknown at the point when anti-infective therapeutics must be initiated. Physicia.....

    Authors: Claire Lhommet, Denis Garot, Leslie Grammatico-Guillon, Cassandra Jourdannaud, Pierre Asfar, Christophe Faisy, Grégoire Muller, Kimberly A. Barker, Emmanuelle Mercier, Sylvie Robert, Philippe Lanotte, Alain Goudeau, Helene Blasco and Antoine Guillon

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of applying the respiratory “critical care-sub-critical care-rehabilitation integrated management model” in severe stroke-associated pneumonia and evaluate its effect.

    Authors: Xue-Lin Wang, Li-Jun Ma, Xin-Gang Hu, Kai Wang and Jian-Jian Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Factors associated with reduced daily physical activity (DPA) in patients with COPD are still controversial. Physical inactivity in COPD increases risk of cardiovascular disease, frequent exacerbations, reduce...

    Authors: Ali M. Albarrati, Nichola S. Gale, Maggie M. Munnery, John R. Cockcroft and Dennis J. Shale

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Many individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) die from respiratory failure without referral for lung transplant. Physician practices that may expedite, delay, or preclude referral, are poorly understood.

    Authors: Bethany L. Bartley, Carolyn E. Schwartz, Roland B. Stark, Anna M. Georgiopoulos, Deborah Friedman, Christopher J. Richards, Henry L. Dorkin, T. Bernard Kinane, Isabel P. Neuringer and Lael M. Yonker

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is devastating with no established treatment. This phenomenon involves disordered coagulation and excessive inflammatory reactions. As recombinant...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Kamiya and Ogee Mer Panlaqui

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The 2012 Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI2012) provide multi-ethnic spirometric reference equations (SRE) for the 3–95 year-old age range, but Sub-Saharan African populations are not represented. This study a...

    Authors: Tafadzwa Madanhire, Rashida A. Ferrand, Engi F. Attia, Elopy N. Sibanda, Simba Rusakaniko and Andrea M. Rehman

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is low diagnostic accuracy of the proxy restrictive spirometric pattern (RSP) to identify true pulmonary restriction. This knowledge is based on patients referred for spirometry and total lung volume det...

    Authors: Kjell Torén, Linus Schiöler, Jonas Brisman, Andrei Malinovschi, Anna-Carin Olin, Göran Bergström and Björn Bake

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Malignant central airway obstruction (MCAO) occurs in 20–30% of patients with primary pulmonary malignancy. Although bronchoscopic intervention is widely performed to treat MCAO, little data exist on the progn...

    Authors: Bo-Guen Kim, Beomsu Shin, Boksoon Chang, Hojoong Kim and Byeong-Ho Jeong

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors flagged that the article had gone to publishing with errors in Tables 1-3.

    Authors: P. Brownell, F. Piccolo, F. Brims, R. Norman and D. Manners

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:53

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:24

  25. congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is the most frequent congenital lung disorder. CPAM type 1 is the most common subtype, typically having a cystic radiological and histological appearance. Mucino...

    Authors: Timco Koopman, Bart L. Rottier, Arja ter Elst and Wim Timens

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:52

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease (FILD) often experience gas exchange abnormalities and ventilatory limitations, resulting in reduced exercise capacity. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen th...

    Authors: Atsushi Suzuki, Masahiko Ando, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Toshiki Yokoyama, Eiichi Shiroshita and Yasuhiro Kondoh

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Asthma is one of the chronic diseases which affects the airway, and inhalers are the preferred medications to treat this problem. Improper inhalational technique leads to decreased efficacy of the medication b...

    Authors: Tadesse Melaku Abegaz, Efrata Ashuro Shegena, Natnael Fentie Gessie, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohanns and Mohammed Assen Seid

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is associated with infective triggers including bacterial or viral in many cases, and pneumonia is a major contributor to hospitalization f...

    Authors: Sunmin Park, Sang Jun Lee, Beomsu Shin, Seok Jeong Lee, Sang-Ha Kim, Woo Cheol Kwon, Jihye Kim and Myoung Kyu Lee

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Lung transplantation (LTx) is still limited by the shortage of suitable donor lungs. Developing flexible surgical procedures can help to increase the chances of LTx by unfolding recipient-to-donor matching opt...

    Authors: Haruchika Yamamoto, Kentaroh Miyoshi, Shinji Otani, Takeshi Kurosaki, Seiichiro Sugimoto, Masaomi Yamane, Shinichi Toyooka, Motomu Kobayashi and Takahiro Oto

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:46

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Bronchiectasis is a chronic infectious respiratory disease with diverse causes and ethnic or geographic differences. However, few large-scale studies of its etiology have been conducted in Asia. This study aim...

    Authors: Hung-Yu Huang, Fu-Tsai Chung, Chun-Yu Lo, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Yu-Tung Huang, Chih-Hsin Yeh, Chang-Wei Lin, Yu-Chen Huang and Chun-Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:45

    Content type: Database

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  31. Lung cancer surgery is associated with a high incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Preliminary evidence suggests that ERAS processes can reduce overall incidence of PPCs as short- and lon...

    Authors: Yu Zheng, Mao Mao, Meifang Ji, Qiugang Zheng, Liang Liu, Zhigang Zhao, Haiming Wang, Xiangyang Wei, Yulong Wang, Jiamin Chen, Huiqing Zhou, Qiaoqiao Liang, Ying Chen, Xintong Zhang, Lu Wang, Yihui Cheng…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:44

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a severe infection of the mediastinum. This syndrome manifests as fever and chest pain following cough and sputum production. A 49-year-old woman presented with fever an...

    Authors: Rui-hai Ye, Jun-chao Yang, Hui-hua Hong, Yu-ping Mao, Yuan-hong Zhu, Yu Cao and Zhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:43

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Because of its analgesic and light sedative properties, the highly selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been suggested for the treatment of septic patients, but its effect on...

    Authors: Peifen Chen, Jihong Jiang, Yunhe Zhang, Guobao Li, Zhihui Qiu, Mitchell M. Levy and Baoji Hu

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Targeted lung denervation (TLD) is a bronchoscopically delivered ablation therapy that selectively interrupts pulmonary parasympathetic nerve signaling. The procedure has the potential to alter airway smooth m...

    Authors: Dirk-Jan Slebos, Bruno Degano, Arschang Valipour, Pallav L. Shah, Gaetan Deslée and Frank C. Sciurba

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Respiratory virome is an integral part of the human microbiome and its characterization may contribute to a better understanding of the changes that arise in the disease and, consequently, influence the approa...

    Authors: Raquel Nazareth, Maria-Jesus Chasqueira, Maria-Lúcia Rodrigues, Carolina Paulino, Catarina Conceição, Lia Lêdo, Úrsula Segura, Madalena Santos, António Messias, Pedro Póvoa and Paulo Paixão

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Massive hemoptysis is a serious complication in Cystic Fibrosis (CF), occurring commonly in older patients. Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) can be performed to stop the bleeding. BAE is generally safe and ...

    Authors: V. Terlizzi, M. Botti, G. Gabbani, F. Fanelli, M. De Martino and G. Taccetti

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:38

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Prolonged and difficult weaning is associated with higher rates of complications and mortality. Therefore, it is important to identify the associated factors.

    Authors: Renyu Ding, Yulan Meng, Xingjuan Jia and Xiaochun Ma

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:37

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death worldwide and survival is poor. Patients with lung cancer may develop a critical illness, but it is unclear what features are associated with an Int...

    Authors: Kathryn Puxty, Christopher H. Grant, Philip McLoone, Billy Sloan, Tara Quasim, Kate Hulse and David S. Morrison

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hump-nosed viper bite, the commonest venomous snake bite in Sri Lanka, is associated with significant morbidity. Specific anti-venom is not available for hump-nosed viper envenomation which is usually managed ...

    Authors: Arthihai Srirangan, Jagath Pushpakumara and Kamani Wanigasuriya

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a very rare lung disease and its prevalence and incidence remain unclear. The prevalence and incidence of PAP were investigated by using nationwide claims data from the ...

    Authors: Hee-young Yoon, Ji Hyeon Kim, Ye-Jee Kim and Jin Woo Song

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Early detection of pulmonary contamination in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is essential since these children are vulnerable to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) colonization. In Iran, home nebulization...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Tabatabaii, Ghamartaj Khanbabaee, Saeed Sadr, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Maryam Kazemi Aghdam, Saran Lotfollahzadeh, Amirhossein Hosseini, Naghi Dara, Mohammad Nanbakhsh and Fatemeh Abdollah Gorji

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (cHP) is a disease caused by exposure to inhaled environmental antigens. Diagnosis of cHP is influenced by the awareness of the disease prevalence, which varies significant...

    Authors: Jessie P. Gu, Chen-Liang Tsai, Nicholas G. Wysham and Yuh-Chin T. Huang

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder that is accompanied by structural brain changes. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of OSAS on the serum levels of astrocytic protein (...

    Authors: Farzad Rezaei, Hooshyar Abbasi, Masoud Sadeghi and Mohammad Moslem Imani

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cystic airspace is an uncommon imaging manifestation involved in non-small lung cancer (NSCLC). Diffuse cystic lesion is even rarer as pulmonary manifestation of NSCLC. In the present study, we reported a rare...

    Authors: Xianhua Gui, Jingjing Ding, Yan Li, Min Yu, Tingting Chen, Mei Huang and Yonglong Xiao

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:30

    Content type: Case report

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  45. The risk of injury directly related to hospitalization for motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) in the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients has not been thoroughly understood. Our study aimed to examine the associ...

    Authors: Yi-Chang Lin, Tien-Yu Chen, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Chien-Sung Tsai, Chih-Sheng Lin and Nian-Shen Tzeng

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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