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  1. Content type: Case report

    Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a very rare interstitial lung disease (ILD) characterized by progressive fibrotic lesions of the visceral pleura and the sub-pleural parenchyma, affecting predominant...

    Authors: D. Hassoun, S. Dirou, P. P. Arrigoni, C. Durant, M. Hamidou, A. Néel and C. Agard

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:73

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There are currently no data on the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in patients with newly-diagnosed lung cancer. This might be of interest given that SDB is associated with increased cancer inci...

    Authors: Michael Dreher, Stefan Krüger, Susanne Schulze-Olden, András Keszei, Jan Hendrik Storre, Holger Woehrle, Michael Arzt and Tobias Müller

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:72

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis...

    Authors: Narelle S. Cox, Christine F. McDonald, Jennifer A. Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J. Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O’Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T. Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:71

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  4. Content type: Review

    Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by widespread fibrotic and inflammatory abnormalities of the lung. Respiratory failure is a common complication in advanced...

    Authors: Paola Faverio, Federica De Giacomi, Luca Sardella, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Mauro Carone, Francesco Salerno, Jousel Ora, Paola Rogliani, Giulia Pellegrino, Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Francesco Bini, Bruno Dino Bodini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci and Antonio Esquinas

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:70

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease leading to morbidity, mortality and impaired quality of life worldwide. Information on asthma prevalence in the Middle East is fragmented and relatively out-dated...

    Authors: Hesham Tarraf, Omur Aydin, Dilsad Mungan, Mohammad Albader, Bassam Mahboub, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz and Abdelkader El Hasnaoui

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:68

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The most common cause of death of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been reported to be the lung disease itself and mortality from IPF appears to be increasing. However, the causes of death...

    Authors: Miia Kärkkäinen, Hanna Nurmi, Hannu-Pekka Kettunen, Tuomas Selander, Minna Purokivi and Riitta Kaarteenaho

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:69

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The inherent risk of developing tuberculosis (TB) in HIV- infected individuals is further enhanced by hypovitaminosis D. Interventions that offset HIV-associated immune deterioration potentially arrest disease...

    Authors: Cuthbert Musarurwa, Lynn Sodai Zijenah, Doreen Zvipo Mhandire, Tsitsi Bandason, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Maria Mary Chipiti, Marshall Wesley Munjoma and Witmore Bayayi Mujaji

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:67

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major health problem globally since ages, and even today, it is a major cause of morbidity in millions of people each year. In 2015 alone, TB accounted for about 1.4 million deaths...

    Authors: S. K. Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap and Parul Puri

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:66

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite reported long delays to initiate anti-TB treatment and poor outcomes in different parts of Ethiopia and elsewhere, evidences on association between the delay and treatment outcomes are scanty.

    Authors: Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:64

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a biomarker of inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. But, a meaningful threshold and the longitudinal changes are unknown. We aimed to i...

    Authors: Kaori Sakurai, Shotaro Chubachi, Hidehiro Irie, Akihiro Tsutsumi, Naofumi Kameyama, Takashi Kamatani, Hidefumi Koh, Takeshi Terashima, Hidetoshi Nakamura, Koichiro Asano and Tomoko Betsuyaku

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:65

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Pirfenidone, a pleiotropic anti-fibrotic treatment, has been shown to slow down disease progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a fatal and devastating lung disease. Rapamycin, an inhibitor of fibr...

    Authors: M. Molina-Molina, C. Machahua-Huamani, V. Vicens-Zygmunt, R. Llatjós, I. Escobar, E. Sala-Llinas, P. Luburich-Hernaiz, J. Dorca and A. Montes-Worboys

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:63

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Pleural effusion (PE) drainage can relieve the symptoms of dyspnea; however, details of the resulting hemodynamic changes remain undefined.

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Qi-Zhe Cai, Cheng-Jun Ban, Duo Chen, Li-Li Xu, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhen Wang, Yuan Yang, Xiu-Zhang Lv and Huan-Zhong Shi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:62

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study is to describe the profile of patients with asthma and to identify the signifiant risks and the protective factors associated with asthma control.

    Authors: Imane Ghanname, Ahmed Chaker, Abha Cherkani Hassani, Laila Herrak, Serge Arnaul Ebongue, Mustapha Laine, Khalid Rahhali, Abdelhak Zoglat, Aida Maria Benitez Rexach, Samir Ahid and Yahia Cherrah

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:61

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific an...

    Authors: Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry and Grainne Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:59

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Although pre-puberty asthma is more prevalent in males, after puberty through middle-age, asthma is more prevalent in females. The surge of sex hormones with puberty might explain this gender switch.

    Authors: Mark D. DeBoer, Brenda R. Phillips, David T. Mauger, Joe Zein, Serpil C. Erzurum, Anne M. Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. Gaston, Ross Myers, Kristie R. Ross, James Chmiel, Min Jie Lee, John V. Fahy, Michael Peters, Ngoc P. Ly, Sally E. Wenzel, Merritt L. Fajt…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:58

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To compare, in terms of patient-ventilator interaction and performance, a new nasal mask (Respireo, AirLiquide, FR) with the Endotracheal tube (ET) and a commonly used nasal mask (FPM, Fisher and Paykel, NZ) f...

    Authors: Giorgio Conti, Giorgia Spinazzola, Cesare Gregoretti, Giuliano Ferrone, Andrea Cortegiani, Olimpia Festa, Marco Piastra, Luca Tortorolo and Roberta Costa

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:57

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Recently awareness of the importance of Aspergillus colonization in the airway of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was rising. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical fe...

    Authors: Xunliang Tong, Anqi Cheng, Hongtao Xu, Jin Jin, Yimeng Yang, Sainan Zhu and Yanming Li

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:55

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is marked by its difficult diagnosis and poor prognosis. Medical thoracoscopy (MT) is an effective and safe procedure for the diagnosis of exudative pleural effusions and m...

    Authors: Li-Li Xu, Yuan Yang, Zhen Wang, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhao-Hui Tong and Huan-Zhong Shi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:56

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Circulating adiponectin (ADPN) levels are inversely associated with disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while studies assessing the relationship between ADPN and lun...

    Authors: Nina F. Caspersen, Helge Røsjø, Allan Flyvbjerg, Mette Bjerre, Anna Randby, Harald Hrubos-Strøm, Torbjørn Omland and Gunnar Einvik

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:54

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Aspergillus fumigatus is frequently encountered in sputum samples of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), which traditionally has been interpreted as saprophytic airway colonization. However, this mere bystander r...

    Authors: Johannes Träger, Volker Otto Melichar, Renate Meyer, Manfred Rauh, Christian Bogdan and Jürgen Held

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:52

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic pulmonary disease comprising a complex hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus fumigatus. Clinical features of ABPA are wheezing, mucoid impaction, a...

    Authors: Takeshi Terashima, Taro Shinozaki, Eri Iwami, Takahiro Nakajima and Tatsu Matsuzaki

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:53

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Interferon lambdas (IFNLs) have important anti-viral/bacterial and immunomodulatory functions in the respiratory tract. How do IFNLs impact COPD and its exacerbations?

    Authors: Adrian Egli, Jyotshna Mandal, Desiree M. Schumann, Michael Roth, Brad Thomas, D. Lorne Tyrrell, Francesco Blasi, Kostantinos Kostikas, Wim Boersma, Branislava Milenkovic, Alicia Lacoma, Katharina Rentsch, Gernot G. U. Rohde, Renaud Louis, Joachim G. Aerts, Tobias Welte…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:51

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Some epidemiological evidence has shown a relation between ambient air pollution and adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of air pollution on mortality from respiratory ...

    Authors: Azizallah Dehghan, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour, Gholamreza Goudarzi and Masoud Yunesian

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:49

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Mortality related to asthma has decreased worldwide since the introduction of inhaled corticosteroid therapy in the past decades. However, there are still some asthma fatalities identified mainly in population...

    Authors: Thais Mauad, Felipe B. P. do Nascimento, Marisa Dolhnikoff, Milena C. M. Picka and Paulo H. N. Saldiva

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2018 18:50

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