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Table 3 Characteristics of the HIV infected patients diagnosed with TB

From: Incidence, risk factors and mortality of tuberculosis in Danish HIV patients 1995-2007

Year of TB diagnosis TB 1995-2007
N = 120
TB 1995-1996
N = 15
TB 1997-1999
N = 25
TB 2000-2007
N = 80
P value
Males 70 (58.3%) 11 (73.3%) 16 (64%) 43 (53.8%) 0.30
Median age, years (IQR*) 35.4 (30.8-42.5) 33.6 (31.2-38.5) 35.1 (29.6 - 45.5) 37.1 (30.8-42.9) 0.41
Birth country/region      0.80
  Denmark 45 (37.5%) 5 (33.3%) 11 (44.0%) 29 (36.3%)  
  Europe 4 (3.3%) 1 (6.7%) 1 (4.0%) 2 (2.5%)  
  Africa 45 (37.5%) 7 (46.7%) 10 (40.0%) 28 (35.0%)  
  Asia 22 (18.3%) 2 (13.3%) 2 (8.0%) 18 (22.5%)  
  Other 4 (3.3%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (4.0%) 3 (3.8%)  
Transmission of HIV      0.96
  Homosexual 18 (15.0%) 3 (20.0%) 4 (16.0%) 11 (13.8%)  
  Heterosexual 72 (60.0%) 9 (60.0%) 16 (64.0%) 47 (58.8%)  
  IDU 15 (12.5%) 2 (13.3%) 2 (8.0%) 11 (13.8%)  
  Other 15 (12.5%) 1 (6.7%) 3 (12.0%) 11 (13.8%)  
Diagnosis of alcohol abuse 13 (10.8%) 1 (6.7%) 2 (8.0%) 10 (12.5%) 0.38
Median HIV RNA at time of TB diagnosis, log10 copies/mL (IQR*)** 4.9 (3.6-5.9) 3.0 (2.7-3.9) 4.9 (4.2-5.9) 4.9 (3.6-5.9) 0.87
Median CD4cell count at time of TB diagnosis, cells/μL (IQR*)*** 120 (50-280) 150 (8-175) 110 (42-295) 120 (60 - 362) 0.94
CD4 cell count < = 200 cells/μL at time of TB diagnosis*** 69 (67.0%) 9 (81.8%) 14 (66.7%) 46 (64.8%) 0.54
Caucasians 43 (35.8%) 5 (33.3%) 11 (44.0%) 27 (33.8%) 0.67
HAART started before TB diagnosis 28 (23.3%) 1 (6.7%) 5 (20.0%) 22 (27.5%) 0.20
HAART during study period 104 (86.7%) 12 (80%) 23 (92.0%) 69 (86.3%) 0.55
Emigrated during study period 7 (5.8%) 1 (6.7%) 1 (4%) 5 (6.3%) 0.91
Dead during study period 19 (15.8%) 3 (20.0%) 6 (24.0%) 10 (12.5%) 0.35
Death within 2 yrs after HIV diagnosis 17 (14.2%) 3 (20.0%) 6 (24.0%) 8 (10.0%) 0.17
Median time from HIV to TB, months (IQR*) 0.6 (< 0.1-7.2) 0.6 (0.1-2.9) 0.4 (< 0.1 - 2.6) 0.8 (< 0.1-15.7) 0.30
Median time from TB to death, months (IQR*) 12.6 (0.6-17.8) 13.6 (0.0-58.8) 10.8 (0.5-41.6) 11.8 (1.7-17.7) 0.95
  1. * IQR: Inter Quartile Range.
  2. ** 24 patients had missing viral load at time of TB diagnosis.
  3. *** 17 patients had missing CD4 cell count at time of TB diagnosis.