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Table 4 Odds of being exposed to second-hand smoke (weighted; n = 2472)

From: Correlates of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home among non-smoking adults in Bangladesh: findings from the ITC Bangladesh survey

  Wald ChiSq test
  Odds ratio (95% CI) ChiSq* df p value
Sex
Male 1.00 -- 16.12 1 < 0.001
Female 2.35 (1.55, 3.56)    
Age group
55+ 1.00 -- 19.81 3 < 0.001
40-54 0.91 (0.61, 1.34)    
25-39 0.97 (0.56, 1.69)    
15-24 2.17 (1.26, 3.75)    
Area
Dhaka non-slum areas 1.00 -- 20.85 3 < 0.001
Dhaka slums 5.19 (1.92, 14.05)    
Non-tribal/non-border areas outside Dhaka 2.19 (1.38, 3.48)    
Tribal/border areas 4.36 (1.89, 10.07)    
Tobacco use status
Non-smoker 1.00 -- 3.01 1 0.083
Former smoker 1.50 (0.95, 2.37)    
Education
9 years or more 1.00 -- 32.76 2 < 0.001
1- 8 years 2.45 (1.80, 3.33)    
Illiterate 3.00 (1.91, 4.71)    
Income
< 5,000 taka 1.00 -- 32.24 3 < 0.001
5,000 to < 10,000 taka 2.34 (1.59, 3.43)    
10,000 taka or more 2.28 (1.54, 3.38)    
Not reported 0.62 (0.32, 1.19)    
Father smoked/currently smokes
Father never smoked 1.00 -- 15.92 1 < 0.001
Father used to/currently smokes 2.09 (1.45, 3.00)    
Concern that tobacco smoke harms children
Very/extremely concerned 1.00 -- 28.63 3 < 0.001
No children in the home 0.87 (0.61, 1.23)    
Unconcerned/a little concerned 3.45 (1.03, 11.51)    
Moderately concerned 1.95 (1.35, 2.83)    
Second-hand smoke causes lung cancer in non-smokers
Yes 1.00 -- 15.05 2 < 0.001
No 0.70 (0.27, 1.81)    
Don’t know 2.04 (1.17, 3.56)    
Second-hand smoke causes asthma in children
Yes 1.00 -- 1.87 2 0.393
No 1.23 (0.31, 4.89)    
Don’t know 0.70 (0.41, 1.20)    
  1. *Omnibus test.