Skip to main content

Table 3 Presence of complications with or without preoperative physiotherapy

From: Respiratory physiotherapy and incidence of pulmonary complications in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: an observational follow-up study

  Preoperative physiotherapy    
  Yes No    
  n % n % p RR 95% CI (RR)
Atelectasis 27/156 17.3% 37/102 36.3% 0.01 0.48 0.31–0.73
Pleural effusion 75/156 48.1% 48/102 47.1% 0.87 1.02 0.79–1.33
Pneumothorax 4/156 2.6% 2/102 2.0% 0.75 1.31 0.24–7.01
Pneumonia 4/155 2.6% 1/102 1.0% 0.36 2.63 0.3–23.22
Pulmonary Oedema 16/156 10.3% 5/102 4.9% 0.12 2.09 0.79–5.53
Diaphragm elevation 140/156 89.7% 94/102 92.2% 0.51 0.97 0.90–1.05
Renal insufficiency 2/157 1.3% 1/102 1.0% 0.82 1.30 0.12–14.14
Neurological 1/157 0.6% 1/104 1.0% 0.77 0.66 0.04–10.47
Wound infection 3/158 1.9% 1/104 1.0% 0.54 1.97 0.21–18.73
Sternal instability 5/158 3.2% 0/104 0.0% 0.16 - -
Sternal dehiscence 6/157 3.8% 0/104 0.0% 0.08 - -
Scar dehiscence 3/158 1.9% 0/104 0.0% 0.28 - -
Death 2/159 1.3% 1/104 1.0% 0.82 1.31 0.12–14.24
  1. RR: relative risk; CI: confidence interval