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Table 5 Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for impaired lung function across tertiles of major dietary patterns

From: Dietary patterns are associated with lung function among Spanish smokers without respiratory disease

  Impaired lung function
  Alla Womenb Menb
  OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Alcohol-consumption pattern
Tertile 1 1   1   1  
Tertile 2 4.17 (1.45–11.95) 0.008 4.43 (0.96–20.51) 0.057 4.50 (0.79–25.53) 0.090
Tertile 3 4.67 (1.61–13.57) 0.005 12.33 (2.34–64.96) 0.003 2.60 (0.50–13.43) 0.256
Westernised pattern
Tertile 1 1   1   1  
Tertile 2 0.63 (0.25–1.56) 0.315 1.31 (0.33–5.31) 0.700 0.28 (0.07–1.10) 0.068
Tertile 3 1.42 (0.52–3.83) 0.494 6.33 (1.27–31.66) 0.025 0.49 (0.12–2.01) 0.321
Mediterranean-like pattern
Tertile 1 1   1   1  
Tertile 2 0.91 (0.38–2.19) 0.838 0.52 (0.13–1.99) 0.340 1.07 (0.28–4.16) 0.916
Tertile 3 0.69 (0.23–2.04) 0.502 0.29 (0.05–1.78) 0.180 0.92 (0.21–4.01) 0.908
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. p-values are obtained by multiple logistic regression, and compared tertile 1 (lowest), tertile 2 (medium) and tertile 3 (highest)
  3. aAdjusted for sex, age, weight, height, waist circumference, cumulative consumption, social class, physical activity and energy intake
  4. bAdjusted for age, weight, height, waist circumference, cumulative consumption, social class, physical activity and energy intake