Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics with respect to breathlessness and the presentation

From: Breathlessness and presentation to the emergency department: a survey and clinical record review

Patient characteristics (self-report) n = 245/1,212 (except as noted)
Age mean (SD) 65 yrs (19)
Gender 117 M (48%) 128 F (52%)
mMRC grade (n = 236)
 0 20 (8%)
 1 28 (12%)
 2 29 (12%)
 3 72 (31%)
 4 87 (37%)
Severity of breathlessness (n = 242) At decision to present
 None 5 (2%)
 Mild 32 (13%)
 Moderate 79 (33%)
 Severe 126 (52%)
Whilst waiting in the ED
 None 33 (14%)
 Mild 104 (43%)
 Moderate 85 (35%)
 Severe 21 (8%)
Duration of chronic breathlessness (n = 237)
 1 to 6 m 85 (36%)
 7 m to 2 yrs 40 (17%)
 More than 2 years 112 (47%)
Who does the patient talk to about their breathlessness?
 GP 178 (73%)
 Practice nurse 14 (6%)
 Respiratory nurse 34 (14%)
 Breathing clinic 7 (3%)
 Heart failure nurse 3 (1%)
 Specialist doctor 29 (12%)
 Macmillan nurse 5 (2%)
 Long Term Conditions Nurse 16 (7%)
 Family/friends 64 (26%)
 Support group 1 (0.4%)
 No one 34 (14%)
Factors relevant to ED presentation (self-report)
Who was involved in the decision to present?  
 Self 92 (37%)
People known to patient
 Family/friend 98 (40%)
 Paid carer 9 (4%)
 GP surgery 47 (19%)
 Long Term Condition Nurse 4 (2%)
 Heart failure nurse 0 (0%)
 Respiratory nurse 4 (2%)
 Macmillan nurse 3 (1%)
Emergency services
 Out of hours service 7 (3%)
 NHS Direct 18 (7%)
 999 (Emergency number) 14 (6%)
 Paramedic 43 (18%)