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Table 4 Predictors of TB treatment outcome in districts of southwest Ethiopia January 2015 to June 2016

From: Delays to treatment initiation is associated with tuberculosis treatment outcomes among patients on directly observed treatment short course in Southwest Ethiopia: a follow-up study

Variable Treatment success Crude Relative Risk (CRR) (95%CI) Adjusted relative risk (ARR) (95% CI)
Unsuccessful
n(%)
Successful
n(%)
  
Gender Male 44(10.3) 382(89.7) Ref. Ref.
Female 28(10.3) 245(89.7) 0.9(0.63,1.56) 0.87(0.61,1.25)
Age group(years) 18–34 48(10.0) 433(90.0) Ref. Ref.
35–65 20(9.9) 183(90.1) 0.9(0.60,.62) 0.88(0.68,1.12)
> 65 4(26.7) 11(73.3) 2.67(1.11,6.45) 3.82(2.4,6.10)*
Educational status Illiterate 25(12.3) 178(87.7) Ref. Ref.
Completed primary 37(9.9) 338(90.1) 0.8(0.50,1.29) 0.93(0.61,1.41)
Secondary & above 10(8.3) 111(91.7 0.67(0.33,1.35) 1.00(0.64,1.56)
Treatment center Hospital 31(12.6) 215(87.4) 1.39(0.9,2.16) 3.78(2.4,6.35)*
Health center 41(9.1) 412(90.9) Ref. Ref.
Action before HCF avisit None 57(10.3) 498(89.7) Ref. Ref.
Took action 15(10.4) 129(89.6) 1.01(0.59,1.74) 0.81(0.50,1.30)
Mode of TB diagnosis Bacteriological 35(9.9) 320(90.1) Ref. Ref.
Clinical 37(10.7) 308(89.3) 1.09(0.7,1.7) 0.86(0.67,1.10)
HIV status Positive 15(24.2) 47(75.8) 2.7(1.63,4.5) 1.93(1.23,3.01)*
Negative 57(8.9) 580(91.1) Ref. Ref.
Weight change end of 2nd month No change/lost 13(11.2) 103(88.8) Ref. Ref.
Gained 15(4.1) 354(95.9) 0.36(0.18,0.74) 0.45(0.22,0.91)
Unknown 44(20.6) 170(79.4) 1.83(1.03,3.26) 4.34(2.47.7.65)*
Total delay(days) <=30 9(5.8) 147(94.2) Ref. Ref.
> 30 63(11.6) 480(88.4) 2.01(1.02,3.95) 2.02(1.03,3.95)*
Treatment information provided Inadequate 39(11.0) 314(89.0) 0.86(0.56,1.34) 1.06(0.70,1.63)
Adequate 33(9.5) 313(90.5) Ref. Ref.
  1. *statistically significant at p < 0.05 a Healthcare facility