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Table 1 Comparison between hypertensive patients and non hypertensive patients

From: Screening obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in hypertensive patients: a comparative study of the efficiency of the Epworth sleepiness scale

Parameters All patients (n = 200) HT patients (n = 100) non HT patients (n = 100) p
Age (years) (mean, SD) 56, 12 57, 11 55, 13 0.24
Men (n, %) 130, 65% 65, 65% 65, 65% 1
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) (mean, SD) 34, 8 34, 7 34, 8 0.41
Obesity (n, %) 126, 63% 64, 64% 62, 62% 0.72
Asthma (n, %) 5, 3% 1, 1% 4, 4% .
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (n, %) 8, 4% 2, 2% 6, 6% .
Epworth Sleepiness Scale Score (unity) (mean, SD) 10.9, 3.3 10.0, 2.9 11.9, 3.5 < 0.01
ESS Score > 10 (n, %) 88, 44% 30, 30% 58, 58% < 0.01
AHI(/h) (mean, SD) 45.1, 15.4 45.0, 15.3 45.2, 15,5 0.91
ODI (/h) (mean, SD) 36.7, 20.0 36.2, 20.0 37.3, 20.1 0.74
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) (mean, SD) 131, 14 138, 14 124, 9 < 0.01
Diastolic Blood Presure (mm Hg) (mean, SD) 75, 11 80, 11 70, 10 < 0.01
  1. AHI Apnea Hypopnea Index
  2. ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale
  3. ODI Oxygen Desaturation Index
  4. HT Hypertensive