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Table 4 The economic burden associated with healthcare utilization in SSc by PAH status

From: The economic burden of systemic sclerosis related pulmonary arterial hypertension in Australia

Characteristics per patientOverall
mean±SD, median (IQR)
AUD$
PAH
mean±SD, median (IQR)
AUD$
No PAH
mean±SD, median (IQR)
AUD$
p-value
Hospitalisations
 Total admission cost per patient (2008-2015)81,530 (42,637-175,641)94,991 (56,866-178,464)79,052 (37,698 – 175,264)<0.01
 Mean annual admission cost per patient4,730 ± 4,3485,405 ± 3,1444,609 ± 4,522<0.01
 Median annual admission cost per patient3,850 (2,387-5,981)4,802 (3,344-6,948)3,654 (2,251-5,737)<0.01
Emergency Department
 Total ED cost per patient (2008-2015)3,047 (1,266-5,465)3,676 (2,099-5,699)2,836 (1,034-5,279)<0.01
 3823 ± 33494,234 ± 2,8803,718 ± 3,451<0.01
 Mean annual ED cost per patient531 ± 663874 ± 900477 ± 600<0.01
 Median annual ED cost per patient422 (0-748)655 (421-1,009)411 (0-718)<0.01
Medical Benefit Schedule (MBS)
 Total MBS cost per patient (2008-2015)23,568 (15,987 – 35,111)27,531 (19,493-39,738)22,861 (15,359-33,842)<0.01
 Mean annual MBS cost per patient3,038 ± 2,7204,056 ± 3,1752,878 ± 2,607<0.01
 Median annual MBS cost per patient2,426 (1,455-3,734)3,289 (2,337-4,752)2,288 (1,366-3,503)<0.01
Total healthcare cost    
 Total cost between 2008-201537,685 (18,144-78,811)70,034 (37,222-110,814)34,325 (16,093-69,957)<0.01
 Mean total cost60,855 ± 70,14790,394 ±76,83256,220 ± 67,925<0.01
 Mean annual cost per patient8,635 ±5,59110,227 ± 5,0248,336 ±5,642<0.01
 Median annual cost per patient7,506 (5,273-10,654)9,612 (6,931-12,086)7,149 (4,958-10,201)<0.01
  1. Abbreviations: medical benefits schedule (MBS), emergency department (ED), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
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