Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics according to do not resuscitate status

From: Do-not-resuscitate orders in patients with community-acquired pneumonia: a retrospective study

  No DNR order
n = 1140
DNR order
n = 177
P-value
Age, median (IQR) 70 (55–80) 82 (73–88) < 0.001
Sex, male 47% (539) 48% (85) 0.85
Nursing home 6% (73) 41% (72) < 0.001
Comorbidities
 COPD 18% (200) 24% (42) 0.045
 Oher chronic pulmonary disease 13% (143) 6% (11) 0.014
 Malignancy 9% (101) 10% (18) 0.57
 Chronic heart disease 20% (223) 32% (57) < 0.001
 Chronic neurological disease 12% (132) 29% (51) < 0.001
 Diabetes 13% (144) 10% (17) 0.25
 Chronic liver disease 1% (9) 2% (3) 0.24
 Chronic kidney disease 3% (37) 2% (4) 0.48
Number of comorbidities
 None 41% (468) 27% (48) 0.001
 One 35% (395) 41% (71) 0.45
 More than one 24% (267) 32% (56) 0.05
Severity
 CURB-65 0–1 59% (582) 15% (22) < 0.001
 CURB-65 2 28% (281) 34% (49) 0.43
 CURB-65 3–5 13% (129) 50% (72) < 0.001
 ICU 7% (79) 27% (47) < 0.001
 Intubation 3% (35) 12% (22) < 0.001
Antibiotic treatmenta
 Monotherapy penicillinb 47% (535) 31% (54) < 0.001
 Monotherapy other beta-lactam 29% (332) 36% (63) 0.08
 Combination therapy 14% (163) 24% (43) 0.001
 Other 10% (110) 10% (17) 0.99
Mortality
 30-day 4% (40) 62% (109) < 0.001
 90-day 6% (69) 75% (133) < 0.001
180-day 9% (102) 81% (143) < 0.001
  1. aEmpiric therapy. b benzylpenicillin or phenoxymethyl penicillin. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. ICU: intensive care unit. IQR: interquartile range