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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses of risk factors for early recurrence after BAE following MDCT angiography

From: Value of multidetector computed tomography angiography before bronchial artery embolization in hemoptysis management and early recurrence prediction: a prospective study

Variable Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
HR (95% CI) p-value HR (95% CI) p-value
Age, years
 ≤ 50 3.48 (0.83–14.59) 0.088   
  > 50 1    
Sex
 Male 3.07 (0.38–24.96) 0.294   
 Female 1    
Cardiovascular diseases 0.50 (0.06–4.07) 0.517   
Diabetes mellitus 1.57 (0.19–12.80) 0.671   
Chronic liver diseases 3.94 (0.79–19.53) 0.093   
Pulmonary TB history 2.49 (0.60–10.43) 0.212   
Extent of lung diseases
  > 3 lobes 0.67 (0.16–2.81) 0.584 0.45 (0.10–2.09) 0.308
 ≤ 3 lobes 1   1  
Grade of hemoptysis   0.262   0.264
 Massive 2.47 (0.48–12.75) 0.280 3.06 (0.50–18.74) 0.227
 Moderate 0.51 (0.05–5.64) 0.582 0.60 (0.05–6.89) 0.684
 Mild 1   1  
Etiology   0.016   0.019
 Aspergilloma 5.25 (1.16–23.73) 0.031 6.63 (1.31–33.60) 0.022
 Bronchiectasis 0.34 (0.04–3.23) 0.344 0.54 (0.50–5.85) 0.612
 Active/reactivated TB 1   1  
Embolic agent
 Polyvinyl alcohol 2.26 (0.28–18.37) 0.446   
 Combination 1    
  1. Combination of polyvinyl alcohol and gelatin sponge
  2. TB: tuberculosis, HR: hazard ratio