Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with chronic cough between male and female groups

From: Clinical characteristics of patients with chronic cough in Guangdong, China: a multicenter descriptive study

Features All Male Female P-value
No. 933 (100) 446 (47.8) 487 (52.2)
Age, years 40.0 (31.0–52.0) 37.0 (29.0–50.0) 43.0 (33.0–53.0) < 0.001
< 20 years 24/933 (2.6) 14/446(3.1) 10/487 (2.1) 0.295
20–29 years 175/933 (18.8) 108/446 (24.2) 67/487 (13.8) < 0.001
30–39 years 251/933 (26.9) 117/446 (26.2) 134/487 (27.5) 0.659
40–49 years 201/933 (21.5) 93/446 (20.9) 108/487 (22.2) 0.623
50–59 years 157/933 (16.8) 55/446 (12.3) 102/487 (20.9) < 0.001
60–69 years 96/933 (10.3) 43/446 (9.6) 53/487 (10.9) 0.533
70–79 years 25/933 (2.7) 12/446 (2.7) 13/487 (2.7) 0.984
80–89 years 4/933 (0.4) 4/446 (0.9) 0/487 (0) 0.052
Educational level
Primary and lower 151/818 (18.5) 47/388 (12.1) 104/430 (24.2) < 0.001
Middle school 227/818 (27.8) 104/388 (26.8) 123/430 (28.6) 0.566
High school 174/818 (21.3) 89/388 (22.9) 85/430 (19.8) 0.268
College and higher 266/818 (32.5) 148/388 (38.2) 118/430 (17.5) 0.001
Duration, months 6.0 (3.0–24.0) 7.5 (3.0–24.0) 6.0 (3.0–24.0) 0.131
Dry cough 679/930 (73.0) 338/445 (76.0) 341/485 (70.3) 0.053
Timing of cough
Morning 253/933 (27.1) 124/446 (27.8) 129/487 (26.5) 0.652
Daytime 330/933 (35.4) 173/446 (38.8) 157/487 (32.2) 0.037
Before sleep 254/933 (27.2) 123/446 (27.6) 131/487 (26.9) 0.816
Nighttime 191/933 (20.5) 72/446 (16.1) 119/487 (24.4) 0.002
Concomotant symptoms
Pharyngeal 704/933 (75.5) 325/446 (73.0) 379/487 (77.8) 0.079
Nasal 350/933 (37.5) 160/446 (36.0) 190/487 (39.0) 0.322
Reflux-related 237/933 (25.4) 110/446 (24.7) 127/487 (26.1) 0.620
Respiratory 322/933 (34.5) 151/446 (33.9) 171/487 (35.1) 0.687
Smoking status
Never 764/933 (81.9) 284/446 (63.7) 480/487 (98.6) < 0.001
Former 55/933 (5.9) 52/446 (11.7) 3/487 (0.6) < 0.001
Current 114/933 (12.2) 110/446 (24.6) 4/487 (0.8) < 0.001
Occupational exposure 95/933 (10.2) 50/446 (11.2) 45/487 (9.2) 0.320
  1. Data were expressed as n/N (%) and median (interquartile ranges, IQR). The differing denominators used in the calculation of percentages are because of missing data. Pharyngeal symptoms consisted of itchy throat, pharyngeal foreign body sensation, frequent throat clearing, etc. Nasal symptoms comprised runny nose, postnasal dripping, sneezing, etc. Reflux-related symptoms included acid regurgitation, heartburn, belching, etc. Respiratory symptoms included wheezing, dyspnea, chest tightness, etc.