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Table 1 Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) of tuberculosis incidence and mortality by age and gender from 1990 to 2019 using Joinpoint Regression Analysis

From: Trends in incidence and mortality of tuberculosis in India over past three decades: a joinpoint and age–period–cohort analysis

Age-group (year) Incidence (95% CI) Mortality (95% CI)
Male Female Male Female
5–9 − 4.16 (− 4.28, − 4.04) − 4.77 (− 4.99, − 4.55) − 6.85 (− 8.67, − 5.01) − 8.34 (− 9.52, − 7.13)
10–14 − 2.56 (− 2.87, − 2.25) − 3.53 (− 3.65, − 3.40) − 5.22 (− 6.13, − 4.31) − 6.11 (− 8.91, − 3.22)
15–19 − 1.37 (− 1.59, − 1.15) − 2.54 (− 2.72, − 2.37) − 4.68 (− 7.75, − 1.51) − 5.61 (− 7.13, − 4.06)
20–24 − 1.57 (− 1.69, − 1.45) − 2.78 (− 2.91, − 2.65) − 3.98 (− 5.47, − 2.46) − 5.45 (− 7.01, − 3.86)
25–29 − 1.13 (− 1.30, − 0.95) − 2.50 (− 2.68, − 2.31) − 3.31 (− 4.09, − 2.53) − 4.82 (− 6.23, − 3.39)
30–34 − 1.02 (− 1.17, − 0.86) − 2.10 (− 2.26, − 1.93) − 3.30 (− 4.39, − 2.20) − 4.47 (− 5.56, − 3.37)
35–39 − 1.03 (− 1.19, − 0.87) − 1.63 (− 1.74, − 1.51) − 3.07 (− 3.85, − 2.28) − 4.08 (− 4.78, − 3.37)
40–44 − 1.13 (− 1.23, − 1.03) − 1.38 (− 1.46, − 1.29) − 3.44 (− 3.74, − 3.13) − 3.92 (− 5.16, − 2.66)
45–49 − 1.41 (− 1.55, − 1.27) − 1.29 (− 1.75, − 0.82) − 3.58 (− 4.59, − 2.56) − 4.13 (− 4.85, − 3.41)
50–54 − 1.55 (− 1.73, − 1.38) − 1.44 (− 1.81, − 1.07) − 3.78 (− 4.74, − 2.81) − 3.61 (− 4.56, − 2.66)
55–59 − 1.53 (− 1.63, − 1.43) − 1.70 (− 1.89, − 1.51) − 3.45 (− 4.51, − 2.38) − 4.03 (− 5.06, − 2.99)
60–64 − 1.80 (− 1.89, − 1.72) − 1.90 (− 2.07, − 1.73) − 4.09 (− 4.85, − 3.33) − 4.31 (− 4.95, − 3.65)
65–69 − 2.37 (− 2.49, − 2.25) − 2.41 (− 2.63, − 2.19) − 4.10 (− 5.26, − 2.93) − 4.40 (− 5.82, − 2.96)
70–74 − 2.49 (− 2.57, − 2.41) − 2.56 (− 2.85, − 2.27) − 3.96 (− 4.85, − 3.05) − 4.38 (− 5.53, − 3.21)
75–79 − 2.35 (− 2.55, − 2.16) − 2.41 (− 2.74, − 2.09) − 3.93 (− 4.79, − 3.05) − 4.53 (− 5.91, − 3.13)
80–84 − 2.29 (− 2.47, − 2.11) − 2.40 (− 2.73, − 2.08) − 3.74 (− 4.76, − 2.71) − 4.26 (− 5.73, − 2.77)
85–89 − 2.34 (− 2.66, − 2.01) − 2.36 (− 2.63, − 2.10) − 4.20 (− 5.38, − 3.00) − 4.74 (− 6.54, − 2.89)
90–94 − 2.34 (− 2.63, − 2.04) − 2.34 (− 2.62, − 2.07) − 4.98 (− 6.32, − 3.62) − 4.65 (− 5.65, − 3.63)
  1. AAPC, average annual percent change; CI, confidence interval; ASR, age standardised rates