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Table 3 Sympathetic and inflammatory profiles in women with GDM in OSA and non-OSA groups

From: Systemic inflammation and sympathetic activation in gestational diabetes mellitus with obstructive sleep apnea

Variables OSA (n = 17) Non-OSA (n = 34) p Value
Metanephrine (pg/mL) 39 (31–52) 37 (32–48) 0.696
Normetanephrine (pg/mL) 81 (59–134) 68 (51–81) 0.045
TNF-α (pg/mL) 6.91 (5.43–8.26) 7.51 (6.45–10.49) 0.204
IL-1β (pg/mL) 0.16 (0.12–0.34) 0.15 (0.13–0.20) 0.253
IL-6 (pg/mL) 1.32 (0.97–1.67) 1.13 (0.84–1.37) 0.204
IL-8 (pg/mL) 2.08 (1.25–2.93) 1.94 (1.37–3.04) 0.905
IL-10 (pg/mL) 0.51 (0.32–1.05) 0.51 (0.37–0.97) 0.976
  1. Bold indicates statistically significant differences between the groups
  2. Variables in median (IQR). Abbreviations: GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, IL interleukin, pg picograms, mL millilitre, TNF-α tumor necrosis factor alpha