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Table 2 Recognition of lung cancer symptoms

From: Awareness of Palestinians about lung cancer symptoms: a national cross-sectional study

Symptom Total
(n = 4762)
n (%)
Gaza Strip
(n = 2020)
n (%)
WBJ
(n = 2742)
n (%)
p value
Respiratory symptoms     
 Worsening or change in an existing cough 3884 (81.6%) 1614 (80.0%) 2270 (82.8%) 0.011
 Coughing up blood 3776 (79.3%) 1536 (76.0%) 2240 (81.7%) < 0.001
 Persistent shortness of breath 3528 (74.1%) 1483 (73.4%) 2045 (74.6%) 0.36
 An ache or pain when breathing 3487 (73.2%) 1470 (72.8%) 2017 (73.6%) 0.54
 Persistent chest pain 3440 (72.2%) 1466 (72.6%) 1974 (72.0%) 0.66
 Painful cough 3356 (70.5%) 1373 (68.0%) 1983 (72.3%) 0.001
 Persistent (3 weeks or longer) chest infection 3265 (68.6%) 1374 (68.0%) 1891 (69.0%) 0.49
 A cough that does not go away for two or three weeks 2951 (62.0%) 1193 (59.1%) 1758 (64.1%) < 0.001
Non-respiratory symptoms     
 Persistent tiredness or lack of energy 3205 (67.3%) 1400 (69.3%) 1805 (65.8%) 0.011
 Developing an unexplained loud, high-pitched sound when breathing 3040 (63.8%) 1261 (62.4%) 1779 (64.9%) 0.082
 Loss of appetite 3021 (63.4%) 1311 (64.9%) 1710 (62.4%) 0.072
 Unexplained weight loss 2697 (56.6%) 1114 (55.1%) 1583 (57.7%) 0.075
 Changes in the shape of fingers or nails 1657 (34.8%) 768 (38.0%) 889 (32.4%) < 0.001
 Persistent shoulder pain 1170 (24.6%) 539 (26.7%) 631 (23.0%) 0.004
  1. n, number of participants; WBJ, West Bank and Jerusalem