Skip to main content
  • Retraction Note
  • Open access
  • Published:

Retraction Note: Serum bilirubin levels in primary Sjögren’s syndrome: an association with interstitial lung disease

The Original Article was published on 30 September 2023

Retraction Note: BMC Pulmonary Medicine (2023) 23:366

The Editor has retracted this article because, owing to an administration error in the editorial office, it was published before the peer review process had been undertaken. Post-publication peer review has concluded that the use of hospitalized patients rather than outpatients would have introduced confounding factors that may have affected bilirubin levels and their analysis. In addition, the inclusion of all variables in the both the univariate and multivariate analyses is incorrect. Therefore, after careful consideration, the Editor has taken the decision to retract the article given that if these issues had been highlighted by peer review before publication the article would not have been accepted. The Publisher apologises to the authors for the administrative error. The authors agree with this retraction.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to You-Fan Peng.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

The online version of the original article can be found at

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Peng, YF., Lu, FY. & Ma, LY. Retraction Note: Serum bilirubin levels in primary Sjögren’s syndrome: an association with interstitial lung disease. BMC Pulm Med 24, 73 (2024).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: