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Table 3 Diagnosis of IPA

From: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in immunocompetent patients hospitalised with influenza A-related pneumonia: a multicenter retrospective study

Variables IPA group (n = 21) Control group (n = 672)
Serum GM test (n, %) 15 (71.4) 322 (47.9)
BAL GM test (n, %) 17 (81.0) 167 (24.9)
 Serum GM ≥ 0.5 5 (4.8) 0 (0.0)
 BAL GM ≥ 1.0 14 (66.7) 0 (0.0)
BAL Aspergillus culture (n, %) 21 (100.0) 146 (21.7)
 Positive 6 (28.6) 0 (0.0)
Lung tissue microscopy (n, %) 4 (19.0) 18 (2.7)
 Positive 2 (9.5) 0 (0.0)
Proven IPA (n, %) 2 (9.5) 0 (0.0)
Probable IPA (n, %) 19 (90.5) 0 (0.0)
  1. GM galactomannan, BAL bronchoalveolar lavage