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  1. Asthma and COPD are major health problems and an extensive burden for the patient and the health care system. Patient education has been recommended, but the influence on knowledge and health outcomes is not f...

    Authors: Margareta Emtner, Anna Hedin, Mikael Andersson and Christer Janson

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Epidemiological research into the role of traffic pollution on chronic respiratory and allergic disease has focused primarily on children. Studies in adults, in particular those based on objective outcomes suc...

    Authors: Mar Pujades-Rodríguez, Tricia McKeever, Sarah Lewis, Duncan Whyatt, John Britton and Andrea Venn

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lithuania is a country with a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB), despite a high coverage with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. Until now the only method used to detect latent TB infection was the t...

    Authors: Edita Hansted, Angele Andriuskeviciene, Raimundas Sakalauskas, Rimantas Kevalas and Brigita Sitkauskiene

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Solitary endobronchial papillomas (SEP) are rare tumors and most of them are described by case report. A misdiagnosis is common with viral related papillomas. A histopathological classification has recently pe...

    Authors: Fabrice Paganin, Martine Prevot, Jean Baptiste Noel, Marie Frejeville, Claude Arvin-Berod and Arnaud Bourdin

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:40

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The lung consists of at least seven compartments with relevance to immune reactions. Compartment 1 - the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), which represents the cells of the bronchoalveolar space: From a diagnostic...

    Authors: Thomas Tschernig and Reinhard Pabst

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:39

    Content type: Commentary

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  6. Multicentre drug use evaluations are described in the literature infrequently and usually publish only the results. The purpose of this paper is to describe the experience of Queensland hospitals participating...

    Authors: Lisa K Pulver, Susan E Tett and Judith Coombes

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:38

    Content type: Correspondence

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  7. There is a substantial body of evidence on the efficacy of yoga in the management of bronchial asthma. Many studies have reported, as the effects of yoga on bronchial asthma, significant improvements in pulmon...

    Authors: Ramaprabhu Vempati, Ramesh Lal Bijlani and Kishore Kumar Deepak

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Heart surgery is associated with an occurrence of pulmonary complications. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-surgery respiratory physiotherapy reduces the incidence of post-surgery pulmonary c...

    Authors: Isabel Yánez-Brage, Salvador Pita-Fernández, Alberto Juffé-Stein, Ursicino Martínez-González, Sonia Pértega-Díaz and Ángeles Mauleón-García

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:36

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cardiac Troponin T (cTnT) elevation during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased mortality the first year after hospital discharge. The factors associated w...

    Authors: Pål H Brekke, Torbjørn Omland, Stein Harald Holmedal, Pål Smith and Vidar Søyseth

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In asthma interleukin (IL)-13 is increased in the airway compared with non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis. Whether this differential expression is specific to the airway or is more generalised is uncertain.

    Authors: Salman Siddiqui, Glenn Cruse, Susan Mckenna, William Monteiro, Vijay Mistry, Andrew Wardlaw and Christopher Brightling

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  11. N-chlorotaurine, a long-lived oxidant produced by human leukocytes, can be applied in human medicine as an endogenous antiseptic. Its antimicrobial activity can be enhanced by ammonium chloride. This study was...

    Authors: Ralf Geiger, Benedikt Treml, Anna Pinna, Linn Barnickel, Harald Prossliner, Hannes Reinstadler, Michael Pilch, Maria Hauer, Christoph Walther, Hans-Jörg Steiner, Thomas Giese, Andreas Wemhöner, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Waldemar Gottardi, Roland Arnitz, Consolato Sergi…

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties which could possibly influence inflammatory airways disease. We assessed evidence for disease modifying effects of statin treatment in patients wi...

    Authors: Claudia C Dobler, Keith K Wong and Guy B Marks

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of spirometry for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in patients suspected of suffering from an obstructive ...

    Authors: Antonius Schneider, Lena Gindner, Lisa Tilemann, Tjard Schermer, Geert-Jan Dinant, Franz Joachim Meyer and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Due to large-scale destruction, changes in membrane diffusion (Dm) may occur in cystic fibrosis (CF), in correspondence to alterations observed by computed tomography (CT). Dm can be easily quantified via the ...

    Authors: Holger Dressel, Laura Filser, Rainald Fischer, Katharina Marten, Ullrich Müller-Lisse, Dorothea de la Motte, Dennis Nowak, Rudolf M Huber and Rudolf A Jörres

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Exercise-related respiratory symptoms in the diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) have poor predictive value. The aim of this study was to evaluate how athletes presenting with these symptom...

    Authors: James H Hull, Peter J Hull, Jonathan P Parsons, John W Dickinson and Les Ansley

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Increased respiratory rate (tachypnea) is frequently observed as a clinical sign of influenza pneumonia in pediatric patients admitted to the hospital. We previously demonstrated that influenza infection of ad...

    Authors: Elman L Trias, Arash Hassantoufighi, Gregory A Prince and Maryna C Eichelberger

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  17. SCF (stem cell factor) is a pleiotropic cytokine exerting its role at different stages of bone marrow development and affecting eosinophil activation, mast cells and basophil chemotaxis and survival. The aim o...

    Authors: Joanna S Makowska, Malgorzata Cieslak and Marek L Kowalski

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pulmonary rehabilitation is known to be a beneficial treatment for COPD patients. To date, however, there is no agreement for how long a rehabilitation program should be implemented. In addition, current views...

    Authors: David Stav, Meir Raz and Isaac Shpirer

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Asthma is associated with enormous healthcare expenditures that include both direct and indirect costs. It is also associated with the loss of future potential earnings related to both morbidity and mortality....

    Authors: Katayoun Bahadori, Mary M Doyle-Waters, Carlo Marra, Larry Lynd, Kadria Alasaly, John Swiston and Js Mark FitzGerald

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Incense burning has been reported to adversely affect respiratory health. The aim of this study was to explore whether exposure to bakhour contributes to the prevalence of asthma and/or triggers its symptoms i...

    Authors: Omar A Al-Rawas, Abdullah A Al-Maniri and Bazdawi M Al-Riyami

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) has been described to cause respiratory tract infections in critically ill patients or in individuals that are immunocompromised. It is a continuing matter of debate under w...

    Authors: Matthias N Witt, Gerald S Braun, Stephan Ihrler and Holger Schmid

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Interferon gamma release assays, including the QuantiFERON® TB Gold In Tube (QFT) have been shown to be accurate in diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. These assays however, do not discriminate betwe...

    Authors: Novel N Chegou, Gillian F Black, Martin Kidd, Paul D van Helden and Gerhard Walzl

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) is associated with improved survival in high-risk patients with severe sepsis; however, the effects of both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and rhAPC on the bronchoalveol...

    Authors: Russell P Bowler, Nichole Reisdorph, Richard Reisdorph and Edward Abraham

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  24. While modulation of the serotonin transporter (5HTT) has shown to be a risk factor for pulmonary arterial hypertension for almost 40 years, there is a lack of in vivo data about the broad molecular effects of ...

    Authors: Daniel Crona, Julie Harral, Serge Adnot, Saadia Eddahibi and James West

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The association between systemic sclerosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is well recognized. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported to play an important role in pulmonary hyper...

    Authors: Andriana I Papaioannou, Epaminondas Zakynthinos, Konstantinos Kostikas, Theodoros Kiropoulos, Angela Koutsokera, Athanasios Ziogas, Athanasios Koutroumpas, Lazaros Sakkas, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis and Zoe D Daniil

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The incidence and morbidity of wheezing illnesses and childhood asthma is especially high in poor urban areas. This paper describes the study design, methods, and population of the Urban Environment and Childh...

    Authors: James E Gern, Cynthia M Visness, Peter J Gergen, Robert A Wood, Gordon R Bloomberg, George T O'Connor, Meyer Kattan, Hugh A Sampson, Frank R Witter, Megan T Sandel, Wayne G Shreffler, Rosalind J Wright, Samuel J Arbes Jr and William W Busse

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Sputum smear microscopy is the standard diagnostic method for detection of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Insufficient quality of sputum might result in missing cases. In this study we aimed at as...

    Authors: Mateus Sakundarno, Nurjazuli Nurjazuli, Sutopo Patria Jati, Retna Sariningdyah, Sumarsono Purwadi, Bachti Alisjahbana and Marieke J van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a systemic disease; morbidity and mortality due to COPD are on the increase, and it has great impact on patients' lives. Most COPD patients are managed by genera...

    Authors: Lara Siebeling, Gerben ter Riet, Willem M van der Wal, Ronald B Geskus, Marco Zoller, Patrick Muggensturm, Irena Joleska and Milo A Puhan

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Drawing from previous studies, the traditional routine diagnostic microbiology evaluation of samples from chronic respiratory conditions may provide an incomplete picture of the bacteria present in airways dis...

    Authors: Geraint B Rogers, Thomas WV Daniels, Andrew Tuck, Mary P Carroll, Gary J Connett, Gondi JP David and Kenneth D Bruce

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Asthma is a difficult diagnosis to establish in preschool children. A few years ago, our group presented a prediction rule for young children at risk for asthma in general practice. Before this prediction rule...

    Authors: Karina E van Wonderen, Lonneke B van der Mark, Jacob Mohrs, Ronald B Geskus, Willem M van der Wal, Wim MC van Aalderen, Patrick JE Bindels and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Nonattendance for scheduled appointments disturbs the effective management of pediatric pulmonary clinics. We hypothesized that the reasons for non-attendance and the necessary solutions might be different in ...

    Authors: Aviv D Goldbart, Jacob Dreiher, Daniel A Vardy, Soliman Alkrinawi and Arnon D Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Recent studies have provided evidence for a link between leptin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) mediates the metabolic effects of growth hormone (GH). The GH axis ...

    Authors: Prokopis Kythreotis, Ageliki Kokkini, Stavrina Avgeropoulou, Argyro Hadjioannou, Efgenia Anastasakou, Antonis Rasidakis and Petros Bakakos

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Differences could exist in the likelihood of asthma attacks in patients treated with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), long-acting beta-agonist (LABA), and montelukast (MON) (ICS/LABA/MON) and patients treated wit...

    Authors: Robert W Dal Negro, Luis Borderias, Qiaoyi Zhang, Tao Fan, Vasilisa Sazonov, Magda Guilera and Stephanie D Taylor

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Pleural effusions are classified into transudates and exudates. Various criteria have been used with Light's et al being the most accepted ones. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) have been detected during pleural flui...

    Authors: Rozina Vavetsi, Stefanos Bonovas, Paraskevi Polizou, Chrysanthi Papanastasopoulou, Georgia Dougekou and Nikolaos M Sitaras

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This study is a cross sectional analysis, aiming to evaluate if atopy is as a risk factor for exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) among Tunisian athletes.

    Authors: Ridha Sallaoui, Karim Chamari, Abbas Mossa, Zouhair Tabka, Moktar Chtara, Youssef Feki and Mohamed Amri

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The aim of this paper is to highlight emerging data on occupational attributable risk in asthma. Despite well documented outbreaks of disease and the recognition of numerous specific causal agents, occupationa...

    Authors: Kjell Torén and Paul D Blanc

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The introduction and acceptance of a standard definition for exacerbations of COPD can be helpful in prompt diagnosis and management of these events. The latest GOLD executive committee recognised this necessi...

    Authors: Demosthenes Makris and Demosthenes Bouros

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:6

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Legionella species cause severe forms of pneumonia with high mortality and complication rates. Accurate clinical predictors to assess the likelihood of Legionella community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in patients pr...

    Authors: Rico Fiumefreddo, Roya Zaborsky, Jeannine Haeuptle, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Andrej Trampuz, Ingrid Steffen, Reno Frei, Beat Müller and Philipp Schuetz

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:4

    Content type: Research article

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  39. A large and unsuspected tuberculosis outbreak involving 18.7% of the total of the tuberculosis cases studied, was detected in a population-based molecular epidemiological study performed in Zaragoza (Spain) fr...

    Authors: Ana Isabel López-Calleja, Patricia Gavín, Ma Antonia Lezcano, Ma Asunción Vitoria, Ma José Iglesias, Joaquín Guimbao, Ma Ángeles Lázaro, Nalin Rastogi, Ma José Revillo, Carlos Martín and Sofia Samper

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical and management characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in men and women, to determine possible gender-associated differences betw...

    Authors: Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Javier de Miguel-Díez, Javier Rejas-Gutierrez, Antonio Martín-Centeno, Elena Gobartt-Vázquez, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Angel Gil de Miguel and Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  41. As more inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) devices become available, there may be pressure for health-care providers to switch patients with asthma to cheaper inhaler devices. Our objective was to evaluate impact on...

    Authors: Mike Thomas, David Price, Henry Chrystyn, Andrew Lloyd, Angela E Williams and Julie von Ziegenweidt

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Global Initiative Strategy for Asthma Management (GINA) is poorly applied in undeveloped and developing countries. The current study examined the effects of applying GINA guidelines on treatment efficacy in as...

    Authors: Mohammad H Boskabady, Fariba Rezaeitalab, Najmah Rahimi and Damon Dehnavi

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2008 8:26

    Content type: Research article

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  43. New animal models of chronic pulmonary hypertension in mice are needed. The injection of monocrotaline is an established model of pulmonary hypertension in rats. The aim of this study was to establish a murine...

    Authors: Rio Dumitrascu, Silke Koebrich, Eva Dony, Norbert Weissmann, Rajkumar Savai, Soni S Pullamsetti, Hossein A Ghofrani, Arun Samidurai, Horst Traupe, Werner Seeger, Friedrich Grimminger and Ralph T Schermuly

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2008 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Current data on incidence of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are sparse and concerns about an increasing trend have been raised. We examined incidence rates (IRs) of ILDs and changes in IRs between 1995 and ...

    Authors: Jette B Kornum, Steffen Christensen, Miriam Grijota, Lars Pedersen, Pia Wogelius, Annette Beiderbeck and Henrik Toft Sørensen

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2008 8:24

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The pathological diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIP) by surgical lung biopsy is important for clinical decision-making. However, there is a need to use less invasive biomarkers to differentia...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Kakugawa, Shin-ichi Yokota, Hiroshi Mukae, Hiroshi Kubota, Noriho Sakamoto, Syunji Mizunoe, Yasuhiro Matsuoka, Jun-ichi Kadota, Nobuhiro Fujii, Kazuhiro Nagata and Shigeru Kohno

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2008 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  46. There have been few reports regarding long time survival after lung cancer surgery. The influence of age and pulmonary function on long time survival is still not fully discovered. Some reports suggest that ho...

    Authors: Kjetil Roth, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Elisabeth Hatlen, Karina Søvik Sørensen, Torstein Hole and Rune Haaverstad

    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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