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  1. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays are perceived to facilitate the diagnosis of fungal infections. However, due to lack of standardization, the value of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid PCR in diagnosis ...

    Authors: Yinling Han, Xiang Wu, Guangwei Jiang, Anyi Guo, Zhangchu Jin, Yinghua Ying, Jianxing Lai, Wen Li and Fugui Yan
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:58
  2. In clinical settings, pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients were often found to have pulmonary fungal coinfection. This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of patients suffering from coinfection...

    Authors: Hongxuan Yan, Li Guo, Yu Pang, Fangchao Liu, Tianhui Liu and Mengqiu Gao
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:56
  3. The risk factors for osteoporosis and its prognostic value in patients with bronchiectasis is not well characterized. We explored the risk factors for osteoporosis and its prognostic impact in hospitalized non...

    Authors: Xin Zou, Zhiyi Ma, Xiaohong Liu, Kaijun Zhang, Chenchen Qiu, Rongzhang Liang, Duanli Weng, Lingyan Xie, Xiaoming Cao, Yongquan Wu and Liwen Wen
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:55
  4. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is frequently accompanied by comorbidities, with the management of these comorbidities crucial for clinical outcomes. This study investigated the prevalence, incidence, chan...

    Authors: Jang Ho Lee, Hyung Jun Park, Seonok Kim, Ye-Jee Kim and Ho Cheol Kim
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:54
  5. Patients with tuberculosis (TB) and HIV often present with impairments in lung function and exercise capacity after treatment. We evaluated clinical and immunologic variables associated with a minimum clinical...

    Authors: Yeonsoo Baik, Pholo Maenetje, Diana Schramm, Caroline Tiemessen, Itai Ncube, Gavin Churchyard, Robert Wallis, Mboyo-di-tamba Vangu, Hardy Kornfeld, Yun Li, Sara C. Auld and Gregory P. Bisson
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:53
  6. The role of airway impairment assessed by impulse oscillometry (IOS) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the proportion and cli...

    Authors: Lifei Lu, Jieqi Peng, Fan Wu, Huajing Yang, Youlan Zheng, Zhishan Deng, Ningning Zhao, Cuiqiong Dai, Shan Xiao, Xiang Wen, Jianwu Xu, Xiaohui Wu, Kunning Zhou, Pixin Ran and Yumin Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:52
  7. Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is caused by a heterogeneous group of diseases, with a high inter-individual variability in disease trajectory. Identifying disease progression in patients with PF has impact on clinica...

    Authors: Gizal Nakshbandi, Catharina C. Moor, Katerina Antoniou, Vincent Cottin, Anna-Maria Hoffmann-Vold, Edwin A. Koemans, Michael Kreuter, Philip L. Molyneaux, Wim A. Wuyts and Marlies S. Wijsenbeek
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:51
  8. Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation and airway remodeling. However, limited study is conducted on the gene expression profiles of ovalbumin (OVA) induced asthma in mice. Here, we explored the gene ...

    Authors: Yilan Song, Jingzhi Jiang, Qiaoyun Bai, Siqi Liu, Yalin Zhang, Chang Xu, Hongmei Piao, Liangchang Li and Guanghai Yan
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:50
  9. To investigate the trends in hospital admissions and medication prescriptions related to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in England and Wales.

    Authors: Hassan Alwafi, Abdallah Y. Naser, Deema Sami Ashoor, Abdulelah M. Aldhahir, Jaber S. Alqahtani, Faisal Minshawi, Emad Salawati, Mohammed Samannodi, Mohammad Saleh Dairi, Aisha Khaled Alansari and Rakan Ekram
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:49
  10. Workers in pulp and paper factories are continuously exposed to paper dust. Excessive exposure to paper dust can cause respiratory disease. Information about the prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms and ...

    Authors: Bereket Meskele Negash, Samson Wakuma Abaya, Teferi Abegaz, Abera Kumie Takele, Worku Tefera Mekonnen, Hager Badima Negatu, Tamene Tesema Gintamo, Teshome Tamirat and Gelaneh Kusse Koirita
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:48
  11. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP) is a rare disease and its diagnosis is often mistaken or delayed. Secondary infection with rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacteria is a rare complication of lipoid pneumonia.

    Authors: Huihong Wang, Shan Lu, Hequan Li and Yuehong Wang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:47
  12. Micro RNA (miRNA) plays important roles in macrophage polarization. However, the manner in which miRNA regulate macrophage polarization in response to dermatophagoides farinae protein 1(Der f1)-induced asthma ...

    Authors: Xiaolong Zhu, Ling He, Xueqin Li, Weiya Pei, Hui Yang, Min Zhong, Mengying Zhang, Kun Lv and Yingying Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:45
  13. Accurately evaluating the lymph node status preoperatively is critical in determining the appropriate treatment plan for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This study aimed to construct a novel nomog...

    Authors: Bohua Wei, Xin Jin, Gaojun Lu, Teng Zhao, Hanjiang Xue and Yi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:44
  14. Acute respiratory failure is a type of sepsis complicated by severe organ failure. We have developed a new nomogram for predicting the 30-day risk of death in patients through a retrospective study.

    Authors: Mengdi Luo and Qing He
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:43
  15. Tuberculosis is one of the top ten causes of illness, death, and disability throughout the world. Undernutrition reduces immunity, which makes latent tuberculosis more likely to become active tuberculosis. Tub...

    Authors: Fasika Tadesse, Habtamu Mitiku, Sagni Girma and Abera Kenay
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:42
  16. Severe adenovirus (Adv.) pneumonia can cause significant mortality in young children. There has been no worldwide consensus on the impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in immunocompetent children ...

    Authors: Tingting Shi, Chen Chen, Huifeng Fan, Minghua Yu, Ming Li, Diyuan Yang, Li Huang, Zhiqiang Nie and Gen Lu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:41
  17. Alexithymia is a common psychological disorder. However, few studies have investigated its prevalence and predictors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore, we aimed to determ...

    Authors: Huaizhong Zhang, Yixuan Wang, Heqing Lou, Yanan Zhu, Zongmei Dong, Dong Dong, Peipei Chen, Xuan Zhu, Bi Chen and Pan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:40
  18. Hyponatremia is an independent predictor of poor prognosis, including increased mortality and readmission, in COPD patients. Identifying modifiable etiologies of hyponatremia may help reduce adverse events in ...

    Authors: Min Xiao, Xiaoyu Wang, Hanchao Wang, Fawang Du, Yu Yao, Xiaochuan Wang, Jiajia Wang, Juan Yang, Wei Xiong, Qin Wang, Xubin Ren and Tao Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:39
  19. Disseminated cryptococcal infection is especially prone to occur in immunosuppressed hosts. We herein report the case of an immunosuppressed girl with disseminated cryptococcal infection in whom pulmonary cryp...

    Authors: Jinbao Huang, Hongyan Li, Changqing Lan and Heng Weng
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:38
  20. The limitation of activity due to dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is affected by diaphragmatic dysfunction and reduced lung function. This study aimed to analyze the associatio...

    Authors: Taehwa Kim, Sungchul Huh, Jae Heun Chung, Yun Seong Kim, Ra Yu Yun, Onyu Park and Seung Eun Lee
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:33
  21. Donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA) has been applied to monitor acute rejection (AR) in kidney and heart transplantation. This study was aimed to investigate the application of dd-cfDNA levels in the diagno...

    Authors: Chunrong Ju, Xin Xu, Jianheng Zhang, Ao Chen, Qiaoyan Lian, Feng Liu, Haitao Liu, Yuhang Cai, Yanjun Zou, Yalan Yang, Yang Zhou and Jianxing He
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:37
  22. Airway clearance techniques (ACTs) for individuals with bronchiectasis are routinely prescribed in clinical practice and recommended by international guidelines, especially during an acute exacerbation. Howeve...

    Authors: Jennifer Phillips, Wayne Hing, Rodney Pope, Ashleigh Canov, Nicole Harley and Annemarie L. Lee
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:36
  23. During the transition from paediatric to adult healthcare there is a gap between asthma guidelines and actual management with decreased healthcare consultations and dispensations of asthma medications after th...

    Authors: Maria Ödling, Niklas Andersson, Christer Janson, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström and Inger Kull
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:34
  24. The family with sequence similarity 83B (FAM83B) is one of the markers for poor prognosis in several carcinomas, but the expression and the mechanism resulted in malignant phenotype in lung adenocarcinoma (LUA...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Jiajia Wang, Ke Yue, Panpan Li, Wenping Shen, Xiaowen Qiao, Yan Wang and Xiaojuan Wu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:32
  25. The pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and associated biomarkers remain to be studied. Copper metabolism is an emerging metabolic research direction in many diseases, but its role in PAH is ...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Wei Zhang, Cong Li, Xin Chen and Jing Huang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:31
  26. Little is known on the burden of co-infections and superinfections in a specific setting such as the respiratory COVID-19 sub-intensive care unit. This study aims to (i) assess the prevalence of concurrent and...

    Authors: Alessandra Iacovelli, Alessandra Oliva, Guido Siccardi, Angela Tramontano, Daniela Pellegrino, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Mario Venditti and Paolo Palange
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:30
  27. In Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD), diagnosis requires a positive culture from at least two separate expectorated sputum specimens. The optimal number of sputum examinations remains unclear...

    Authors: Naohisa Urabe, Susumu Sakamoto, Marie Masuoka, Chiaki Kato, Asuka Yamaguchi, Nozomi Tokita, Sakae Homma and Kazuma Kishi
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:29
  28. Endobronchial Metastasis from extrathoracic tumors is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 1.1% of total endobronchial malignancies. The most common primary tumors associated with EBM are from the c...

    Authors: Seif-Aldin Abdul Rahman, Ali Abdul Rahman, Samer Rajab, Somar Mansour, Marah Mansour, Elias Salloum and Zuheir Alshehabi
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:28
  29. Pulmonary lesion is frequently seen in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) patients primarily due to AAV lung involvement or infection, which are hard to differentiate due to their high similarity in clinical man...

    Authors: Yujuan Wang, Zhuan Qu, Wei Liang, Xinghua Chen, Cheng Chen, Hui Cheng, Haiyun Hu, Zhongpin Wei, Ke Su, Lianhua Yang and Huiming Wang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:27
  30. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with connective tissue disease (CTD) belongs to Group 1 pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD), which is characterized by venous system...

    Authors: Xiaofang Zeng, Qiong Liu, Anandharajan Rathinasabapathy, Lihuang Zha, Dongliang Liu, Yiyang Tang, Jing Sun, Hui Luo and Zaixin Yu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:26
  31. To compare the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) and the long-term complications between patients with and without COVID-19, and to investigate whether the tools for risk stratification of death are valid in...

    Authors: A. Franco-Moreno, D. Brown-Lavalle, M. Campos-Arenas, N. Rodríguez-Ramírez, C. Muñoz-Roldán, A. I. Rubio-Aguilera, N. Muñoz-Rivas, J. Bascuñana-Morejón de Girón, E. Fernández-Vidal, E. Palma-Huerta, S. Estévez-Alonso, B. Rodríguez-Gómez, S. Manzano-Valera, R. Pedrero-Tomé, M. Casado-Suela, C. Bibiano-Guillén…
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:25
  32. A tracheal foreign body is a common airway aspiration that creates an emergency, which often causes unobserved respiratory problems and requires management. Iatrogenic tracheal foreign bodies are rarely observ...

    Authors: Jingdan Deng, Zhiwen Zeng, Yilin Liao, Haihui Zhong and Huanrong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:24
  33. During the Covid-19 pandemic patients suffering from asthma raised many concerns regarding the outcome ofthe impact of COVID-19 disease on their preexisting condition. The 2021 GINA report indicates that peopl...

    Authors: Ioana Adriana Muntean, Polliana Mihaela Leru, Irena Pintea, Ioana Corina Bocsan, Carmen Teodora Dobrican and Diana Deleanu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:22
  34. Many patients with asthma report unmet health care needs. The Patient Needs in Asthma Treatment (NEAT) questionnaire is a validated instrument to quantify these unmet needs. We explored how health professionals e...

    Authors: Julia Salandi, Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Christian Apfelbacher, Aziz Sheikh and Adrian Loerbroks
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:21
  35. Spherical pneumonia is an extremely rare condition that is difficult to diagnose. It is a specific type of lung infection that often manifests as a round or round-like mass on chest imaging. Spherical pneumoni...

    Authors: Jianli Ma, Chuantao Zhang, Kaijie Dang, Yichao Liao, Xue Feng and Pengcheng Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:20
  36. Severe influenza, especially influenza pneumonia, causes large numbers of deaths each year. Some patients who develop severe influenza have no known risk factors. In this study we investigated risk factors for...

    Authors: Yu Bai, Yiqun Guo and Li Gu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:19
  37. This study evaluated programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression from pre-invasive adenocarcinoma to invasive lung adenocarcinoma, aimed to investigate the potential association of PD-L1 pathway with lun...

    Authors: Jiebai Zhou, Huo Lin, Zheng Ni, Rongkui Luo, Dawei Yang, Mingxiang Feng and Yong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:18
  38. Exercise intolerance is among the most common symptoms experienced by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is associated with lung dynamic hyperinflation (DH). There was evidence t...

    Authors: Zhaoning Xu, Zhuo Han and Dedong Ma
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:17
  39. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have improved outcomes for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) versus chemotherapy in clinical trials. In Germany, ICIs have been used clinically since...

    Authors: Andrea Wolf, Jan A. Stratmann, Shabnam Shaid, Nicolas Niklas, Alan Calleja, Harveen Ubhi, Robin Munro, Daniela Waldenberger, Robert Carroll, Melinda J. Daumont, John R. Penrod, Laure Lacoin and Gernot Rohde
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:16
  40. Basic thoracic ultrasound is being used more frequently by clinicians in several settings due to its high diagnostic accuracy for many common causes of respiratory failure and dyspnoea. However, ultrasound exa...

    Authors: Pia Iben Pietersen, Rahul Bhatnagar, Freja Andreasen, Lars Konge, Christian Borbjerg Laursen, Najib Rahman and Anders Bo Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:15
  41. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an important clinical tool that provides a global assessment of the respiratory, circulatory and metabolic responses to exercise which are not adequately reflected th...

    Authors: Sofia Noureddine, Pauline Roux-Claudé, Lucie Laurent, Ophélie Ritter, Pauline Dolla, Sinan Karaer, Frédéric Claudé, Guillaume Eberst, Virginie Westeel and Cindy Barnig
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:13
  42. Patients with pulmonary large cell carcinoma (LCC) have a high incidence of synchronous brain metastases (SBM) and a poor prognosis. Our study was to evaluate the predictive and prognostic value of the clinica...

    Authors: Xuan Zheng, Shuai Mu, Lijie Wang, Haitao Tao, Di Huang, Ziwei Huang, Xiaoyan Li, Pengfei Cui, Tao Li, Qingyan Liu and Yi Hu
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:12
  43. Prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), mostly defined as mechanical ventilation > 72 h after lung transplantation with or without tracheostomy, is associated with increased mortality. Nevertheless, the predic...

    Authors: Peigen Gao, Chongwu Li, Junqi Wu, Pei Zhang, Xiucheng Liu, Yuping Li, Junrong Ding, Yiliang Su, Yuming Zhu, Wenxin He, Ye Ning and Chang Chen
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:11
  44. Patient comfort during invasive and therapeutic procedures is important. The use of virtual reality (VR) devices during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) as a method of distraction to increase patient tolerability an...

    Authors: Ian Victor Sooriyaghandan, Mas Fazlin Mohamad Jailaini, Nik Nuratiqah Nik Abeed, Boon Hau Ng, Andrea Ban Yu-Lin, Shamsul Azhar Shah and Mohamed Faisal Abdul Hamid
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:10
  45. Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is the second common congenital lung malformation and has been known for over 150 years. However, there is a scarcity of epidemiological studies on it. This study aimed to characte...

    Authors: Yuyang Gao, Wenli Xu, Wenyan Li, Zhiyu Chen, Qi Li, Zhen Liu, Hanmin Liu and Li Dai
    Citation: BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2023 23:8

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